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This map is a Google map: you can click on the markers to see profiles of various people CBC spoke to and to see 8th Fire dispatches that were filed by Aboriginal reporters across the country. You can also see the Twitter feed from our reporters filing stories 'from the field' across Canada. If you zoom in closer you'll see more markers to explore.


“Linguistic Families, 17th Century”. As the Canadian geographer Conrad Heidenreich acknowledges in an essay — reflecting upon his research trying to map locations of Aboriginal groups in the 1600s — any attempt to map "such a highly mobile population" could easily be titled: “Some thoughts on how to draw maps from inadequate data”. Yet, to this day, Heidenreich's detailed and painstakingly researched map (first published in the Historical Atlas of Canada in 1987) remains a crucial work which set a very high standard for future geographers to follow. “Linguistic Families, 17th Century” is reproduced here with the kind permission of Conrad Heidenreich and the University of Toronto Press.


"Estimated Tribal Distributions at the Time of Contact". As it is impossible for a single map to reflect precisely the many numerous different Aboriginal tribes and populations from over 500 years ago, this map aims to present an estimate of major tribal distributions in and around the land that is now known as Canada (at the time Europeans first settled). Initial European settlement and contact with Aboriginal Peoples was made in the east --- and gradually moved westward across the vast continent; thereby impacting different tribes at different times. It is therefore important to see this map as an 'approximation' and not a definitive outline of various and diverse indigenous populations. The layout of this map is based on a map from Canada’s First Nations: A History of Founding Peoples from Earliest Times by Olive Patricia Dickason with David T. McNab. © Oxford University Press Canada 2009. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.


This map, entitled Treaties and Comprehensive Land Claims in Canada, was produced by Legal Surveys Division, Geomatics Canada, Natural Resources Canada in May 2004. When referencing this most recent edition of the map it is useful to note that, as stated in the map's legend: "The lines on this map represent the approximate boundaries of traditional territories described in First Nation Statements of Intent to negotiate treaties which have been submitted to, and accepted. The boundaries are illustrative only and may be revised in the future. Publication of this map does not imply that the First Nations, the Province of BC, or the Government of Canada have agreed to the boundaries shown." To see this very extensive, informative and highly detailed map in its entirety (and its accompanying Notes, Glossary, and Legend) please click here.