As Baker gave his address last Friday, medical students in the audience began to recognize words. One phrase - velluvial matrix - stuck in their minds, because it was invented by Gawande for his commencement address at Stanford.
It gets worse.
According to the Edmonton Journal, one person who attended the speech said his brother located Gawande's speech on The New Yorker website and "was following along on his iPhone as Baker was reciting it".
"We were embarrassed and disappointed to find that Dean Baker had given a wonderful speech at our graduation banquet without attributing it to the original author," Brittany Barber, president of the University of Alberta graduating class told the Edmonton Journal. "People should know that we do not stand for academic dishonesty and our deepest wish is that this incident does not reflect poorly on the integrity of our class, the medical school, and ultimately the university."
Darned right it does.
On June 12, Dean Baker sent an email headed "Faculty of Medicine dean Philip Baker's letter of apology to U of A med students." It was also published in the Edmonton Journal. In it, Dean Baker writes "When I was researching for the speech, I came across text which inspired me and resonated with my experiences. The personal medical traumas which I detailed were wholly genuine and did indeed engender the sense of inadequacy I highlighted. I also used a medical case of Dr. Gawande's to further make my point. I offered a sincere written apology to Dr. Gawande and subsequently spoke with him; he was flattered by my use of his text, took no offense and readily accepted my apology."
Further down in his apology, Dean Baker writes: "Throughout my professional career and private life I have I have (sic) held myself to the highest ethical standards possible. The talk was intended for a private audience, nevertheless, my failure to attribute the source of my inspiration is a matter of the utmost regret."
To me, the preceding sounds like an admission of plagiarism.
According to the University of Alberta's Code of Student Behaviour, Section 30.3.2(1), "No Student shall submit the words, ideas, images or data of another person as the Student's own in any academic writing, essay, thesis, project, assignment, presentation or poster in a course or program of study." A note that accompanies the above code, states "This definition does not include intentionality; it's plagiarism whether it was intentional or accidental!"
The University of Alberta's Library website is replete with resources on how faculty can catch students who plagiarize!
According to the Edmonton Journal, Deb Hammacher, a spokesperson for the University of Alberta, said the university is aware of the incident and will be investigating. For now, the offenses are regarded as alleged. However, Dr. Baker's quick apology suggests that he's aware that what he did was wrong.
If found guilty, what should his punishment be?
Suppose a medical student stood before Dr. Baker charged with plagiarism? One would rightly expect Dean Baker to investigate thoroughly and judge the student accordingly.
If Dean Baker gets off, then the door to plagiarism at the University of Alberta will be flung wide open. "I'll have what he's having," future plagiarists will say.
Therefore, if these allegations against Dean Baker are true, he will have no choice but to resign.
The Deanery is no place for plagiarists, no matter how accomplished they are.