Sunday, November 11, 2012 | Categories: Episodes
Former Gestapo officer Adolph Eichmann, in glass cage at left, at his war crimes trial, Dec. 11, 1961 (AP Photo)
On April 11, 1961, in an auditorium in downtown Jerusalem, Israeli Attorney General Gideon Hausner delivered his opening statement in the case against Adolf Eichmann.
Eichmann had been the Nazi official in charge of the deportation of Europe's Jews during the Second World War.
Eichmann's arrest had made headlines around the world, but his trial would make history.
escaped Germany - and justice - in the aftermath of the war, eventually
settling in a German exile community in Argentina.
In 1960, Israeli
agents kidnapped him and smuggled him back to Israel, setting the stage
for that young country's most important and dramatic court case. Eichmann
was, and remains, the only person to be executed in Israel under its
But the case had deep resonance outside the Israeli justice
system. Millions all over the world watched the proceedings live on
The trial helped define the State of Israel both inside and outside its borders.
year marked the 50th anniversary of his trial and conviction in
Jerusalem. Deborah Lipstadt is a Holocaust scholar and the Dorot Professor of
Modern Jewish History and Holocaust Studies at Emory University in
Atlanta. And, she is the author of The Eichmann Trial.