September 12, 2010: Why Democracy needs the Humanities - Music and Science: A Match Made in Heaven - Cardinal John Henry Newman and The Idea of the University - Road Warriors (Doc)

Welcome back to a new season of The Sunday Edition

Why Democracy needs the Humanities - Philosopher Martha Nussbaum's pastime may be Anthony Trollope, but her passion is the theory of higher education specifically education in the liberal arts. Her theory is direct and scary----Western democracy is in peril if we ignore classical education in favor of training young people for the job market. Basic to her argument is the timeless question What's a University for? Do we want consumers or citizens, Aristotle or accounting. We explored her ideas in the first hour of our first show of the season.

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Music and Science: A Match Made in Heaven - In our second hour the questions are: Gershwin or Galileo? Mozart or molecules? To mark the season's return of the program, we had a special treat. Three professional singers---two opera and one jazz---- talk about t what they all have in common---degrees in science. Diane Nalini, Lauren Segal and Isabel Barakdarian could easily have successful careers as scientists but they chose music instead.

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Hour Three: Cardinal John Henry Newman and The Idea of the University: - We followed up on the purpose of the university in Hour Three with a discussion of the ideas of Cardinal John Henry Newman. One of the greatest thinkers in English history, Newman argued for precisely the kind of university, Nussbaum says is disappearing. Michael talked to his biographer.

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Elsewhere on the Show: A documentary look at the battle between environmentalists and the proud owners of ATVs, all-terrain-vehicles. Karen Wells reports from the front lines.

Hour 1

Song: Back in the Saddle Again
Artist: Merle Travis
Album: Guitar Retrospective

Michael's Weekly Essay

Michael laments about his summer of discontent and dislocation.

Song: Bear
Artist: Joe Sealy & Paul Novotny
Album: Songs

Why Democracy needs the Humanities

It's a fall tradition. Labour Day passes and university campuses across the country throw open their doors to a new class of eager students.

There's a lot at stake. The students, their parents and society at large are investing huge amounts of money and time into an intellectual journey with uncertain aims and a wild mix of expectations.

Students want a job. Parents want a future for their child. Politicians want economic value, a skilled workforce and growing economy.

But what if this mix of expectations is missing the mark?

What if we are all losing sight of what should be happening at our Universities across the country? What if we are in the midst of a crisis of massive proportions and grave global significance and I don't mean global warming or the economic collapse.

That's the idea at the heart of a new book provoking arguments around the world among policy makers, academics and university administrations.

Not For Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities is a bold argument for going back to the very reason why we pump billions dollars into universities around the world. Instead of worrying about training people to get a job, let's worry about the health of democracy and making people better citizens.

The Author, Martha Nussbaum is one of America's leading scholars in philosophy, ethics and education. She is the Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago Law School.

Featured Disc

Song: Signs
Artist: Kevin Fox
Album: Songs for Cello and Voice

Personal Essay

She had always intended to be a university graduate.

And in fact Kyla Hanington DID go to university in her youth.

But she dropped out. Started again. Dropped out. In the end, she had not much more than shame to show for it.

She got married, divorced. She was a single mother working lousy jobs.

And then a couple of years ago, Kyla Hanington started thinking about the idea of going back to school. At the height of the recession, she was laid off, and something told her it was the right time.

She loves school. But the price - literally and figuratively - has been high.

Song: World From Here
Artist: Aaron Young
Album: Works

Song: Sweet Georgia Brown
Artist: Aaron Young
Album: Works

Hour 2

Song: Mercury, The Winged Messenger
Artist: Royal Scottish National Orchestra
Album: An Introduction to Gustav Holst

Music and Science: A Match Made in Heaven

"I often think in music. I live my daydreams in music. I get most joy in life out of music."
- Albert Einstein

In this item, our three guests completely understand Einstein's split focus.

They are all talented singers who also happen to have degrees in science or physics. We wanted to explore this mysterious (or maybe not so mysterious) relationship between music and science, so we've invited them in to talk about it.

Isabel Bayrakdarian is an internationally acclaimed soprano. She's been a guest on the show many times. Before she started her career in opera, Ms. Bayrakdarian earned a degree in Engineering Sciences.

Diane Nalini is a jazz singer and composer who has recorded 4 CDs, including one, "Kiss Me Like That", devoted to the relationship between music and astronomy. Under her full name, Diane Nalini de Kerchkhove, she is an assistant professor of physics at the University of Guelph.

And Lauren Segal is a mezzo-soprano and graduate of the Canadian Opera Company's Ensemble Studio. She is about to appear as Maddalena in Rigoletto with Opera de Montreal. And she recently got her Masters in Science from the physics department at the University of Toronto.

Song: Voi Che Sapete
Artist: Lauren Segul
Album: Opera Under the Stars (DVD)

Song: Mundos Escondidos
Artist: Diane Nalini
Album: Kiss Me Like That

Song: Act 1 - Tra le Procelle Assorto
Artist: Isabel Bayrakdarian
Album: Cleopatra

Featured Disc

Song: 1st Movement: Adagio Ma Non Molto
Artist: Adrian Butterfield & Laurence Cummings
Album: Sonatas For Keyboard & Violin

Song: The Blue Reel
Artist: Oliver Schroer & the Stewed Tomatoes
Album: Freedom Row

Hour 3

Song: Freedom Row
Artist: Oliver Schroer & the Stewed Tomatoes
Album: Freedom Row

Road Warriors

It was 1971 . The movie was Diamonds are Forever; and it was the first time an ATV - All Terrain Vehicle - appeared on the silver screen.

James Bond leapt off hill sides, over rocks, chased the villain across the Nevada desert and the ATV was fixed in the minds of young men as a new symbol of speed, power and freedom.

Today - two and a half million Canadians ride ATVs . They have been outselling snowmobiles for the last 10 years.

The dictionary calls them small open vehicles. The driver straddles the motor and steers with the handlebars - like a motorcycle.

But ATVs have 4 tires not two, and they can go just about anywhere.

You can find well mannered retired couples touring down forest trails; young men churning up the mud making back roads impassable; kids - 15 year olds and younger - with the wind in their hair cruising down the main streets of villages.

They are having fun - often irritating the neighbours - and they're spending money.

ATVs are a billion dollar industry in Ontario alone and both federal and provincial governments are pushing the tourist potential.

But farmers will tell you they hear them in their fields at midnight; environmentalists decry the damage they do and country people tell you they sound like so many screaming lawnmowers.

The battle lines have been drawn.

And they faced off in Hamilton township near Cobourg an hour east of Toronto.

Here is Karin Wells' documentary, Road Warriors.

Song: True Blue
Artist: Joe Sealy & Paul Novotny
Album: Songs

Cardinal John Henry Newman and The Idea of the University

During Michael's conversation with Martha Nussbaum earlier in the program we talked about her concerns about the true purpose of the University and its role in society.

Wrestling with the role of the University is an issue that has perplexed thinkers for centuries but when John Henry Newman tackled the problem 162 years ago the result was a study that still resonates to this day, The Idea of A University.

Cardinal John Henry Newman was a man who loved Universities and the university life.

One of the most prominent thinkers and writers in 19th Century England, Newman spent the first half of his life as a prominent Anglican with a position at Oxford University. He often remarked that being esconced in the halls of Academia was a true and deep pleasure.

His writings, essays, works of theology, novels were all testaments to a deeply active life of the mind.

When Newman converted to Catholicism it was a shift in allegiances that shocked England and still reverberates to this day. Though abandoning the Church of England meant being forced to leave Oxford, Newman never lost interest in the point, purpose and raison d'etre of the University.

When the Church was contemplating establishing a Catholic University in Ireland Newman was asked to design the institution. The result: The idea of a university. It was not the first nor the last time Newman's thinking would provoke the world but without doubt the logic of his book still provokes today.

Later this week, Pope Bennedict XVI during his papal visit to the United Kingdom will officiate at the beatification of John Henry Newman. And it is not an occasion without its critics.

John Cornwell knows well the life and work of Cardinal Newman. Cornwell, author of Hitler's Pope - A history of Pius 12th, is the Director of the Science and Human Dimension Project, a public understanding of science and ethics programme at Jesus College Cambridge. His latest book is, Newman's Unquiet Grave - The Reluctant Saint.

Song: Squid Juice
Artist: Oliver Schroer & the Stewed Tomatoes
Album: Freedom Row

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