Sudan's border in a state of emergency

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The newest country on this planet is South Sudan, created by referendum amid much excitement just last year. But all weekend, Sudan's military was bombing South Sudan sites on orders of a president indicted for war crimes. But the new country's rebels and its new military aren't blameless and the civilians are - once again - caught in the middle.



Part Two of The Current

Sudan's border in a state of emergency - Witness & Professor

We started this segment with a clip from journalist Hannah McNeish trying to understand what had just happened at a market in Rubkhona, in the disputed border region between Sudan and South Sudan last week. She was there during a bombing and its chaotic aftermath. South Sudan seceded last July after two decades of war, but that didn't mean an end to the violence. And this latest bombing killed at least one civilian, a young boy. Other munitions fell into the near by river.

According to reports over the weekend, Sudan has now declared a state of emergency along its border with South Sudan, giving the president the right to establish special courts. And there were more clashes between the two countries' troops on Sunday.

Nyachar Teny lives next to the damaged market. She told McNeish she'd survived the civil war -- but is frightened it could return. We heard from her.

Matthew LeRiche also witnessed the bombing attack of the market. He's a Canadian who teaches in the International Development Department at the London School of Economics. He has worked extensively in South Sudan. This morning we reached him in Juba, the capital of South Sudan.

Sudan's border in a state of emergency - Former Sudan Ambassador

Ann FitzGerald helped facilitate the Sudan peace talks after the south voted for independence, she continues to work with the new South Sudanese government on security issues. She's a visiting professor at the Royal Military College of Canada, where she's on sabbatical from her job at Cranfield University at the U.K. Defense Academy. She believes the South Sudanese government needs to overhaul its military. We hear from her.

Ann Fitz Gerald says many of the members of the South Sudanese government are illiterate and the new country does not have the diplomatic clout of its neighbour. And John Schram knows how important that can be. He's a long-time diplomat, a former Canadian ambassador to Sudan. He served as Canada's representative in seven other African countries, along with other countries as well. He's currently a distinguished senior fellow with the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs and senior fellow with the Queen's Centre for International and Defence Policy. We reached John Schram at his home on Amherst Island, Ontario.

This segment was produced by The Current's Ellen Saenger.


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