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BY THE NUMBERS: A Statistical Snapshot Of Syria’s Year Of Conflict
March 19, 2012
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After more than a year of uprising and violence, the conflict in Syria between the government of President Bashar Al-Assad and opposition forces shows no sign of abating. Last Thursday marked the one-year anniversary of the widespread anti-government protests that launched the uprising; as of today, fighting had broken out in the Syrian capital of Damascus, a rare incursion into the government's stronghold by opposition forces, and a continuation of the ongoing violence besetting the troubled country.

Here is a breakdown of the last 12 months in Syria, by the numbers:

8,000:
Number of people who have died in Syria over the past year as a result of the government's crackdown against dissent, according to a statement by UN Secretary Ban Ki-Moon last week.

7,500: The UN's estimate of the Syrian death toll prior to Ban's update.

9,100: Number of people killed by government forces in the past year, according to Syrian activists.

2,000: Number of government security forces killed by rebels, according to government estimates.

230,000: Number of Syrians who have fled their homes to escape the violence, according to the UN.

30,000: Number of those fleeing who have left the country entirely.

16,000: Number of Syrian refugees currently in Turkey. (29,000 have crossed the border, with 13,000 having returned back.)

12: Number of years that current Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad has been in power.

29: Number of years his predecessor - and father - Hafez Al-Assad ruled Syria as president.

10: Percentage of Syria's population belonging to the Alawite religious sect, which includes the Assad family among its most prominent members.

70: Percentage of Syria's population that identify as Sunni Muslims.

20,000: Number of people killed in the Hama Massacre, ordered by Hafez Al-Assad in 1982.

89.4:
Percentage of participants in a referendum last month who voted in favour of a new Syrian constitution - which would allow for Bahsar Al-Assad to remain in power until possibly 2028 - according to government sources.

57.4:
Percentage of eligible voters who took part in the referendum, according to government sources.

1: Number of German foreign ministers (i.e. Guido Westerwelle) who called the Syrian referendum a "farce" and a "sham" immediately afterwards.

2: Number of members of the United Nations Security Council who have blocked resolutions condemning the Syrian governments use of violence (Russia and China).

$1.5 billion: Value of arms trade between Russia and the Syrian government.

78: Percentage of the Syrian government's weapons provided by Russia.

580: Percentage increase in the arms trade between Russian and Syria over the last five years.

3,000 to 6,000: range of average tweets per hour about the Syrian uprising in February, 2012.

Sources: BBC, Reuters, United Nations, Al Jazeera, Agence France-Presse, The Week, CBS News, Toronto Star

With no end to the conflict in sight, the situation is dynamic and ever changing. There are a variety of ways to stay on top of it:

Al Jazeera, The Guardian and The New York Times all maintain updated blogs on Syria, while Mother Jones also keeps a timeline.

There are also a number of Twitter feeds maintained by activists both inside and outside the country:

@samirasyria; @LeShaque; @SaraAssaf; @SooriMadsoos; @BintAlRifai; @Ugaritian; @MalathAumran

Republican U.S. senator John McCain recently published an op-ed in USA Today calling for military intervention in Syria. His sentiments are echoed in a Washington Post opinion piece by Max Boot, a fellow at the U.S. Council on Foreign Relations, and another by Post deputy editor Jackson Diehl.

Related Stories on Strombo.com:

CHEAT SHEET: What's Going On In Syria?


SYRIA UPDATE: Red Cross Moves In, British Prime Minister Issues Warning

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