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News+Politics
Scenes From Egypt: What’s Happened, Who’s Who And What They’re Saying
July 4, 2013
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egypt-unrest-crowds.jpg

There are big changes taking place in Egypt at the moment. Here's a quick overview of what's happening, who's involved, and how things look on the ground.

The Players

egypt-unrest-people.jpgThe Egyptian People

In 2011, a revolution took place in Egypt. There were large-scale demonstrations in Cairo's Tahrir Square, as thousands took to the streets to demand democracy and an end to the rule of then-leader Hosni Mubarak.

The protests were part of the process that led to elections, and Mohamed Morsi became Egypt's first democratically elected president. He took power on June 30, 2012.

One year later, starting on June 29, 2013, new demonstrations took place, again centred on Tahrir Square.

This time, the people were demonstrating against Mohamed Morsi and demanding his removal from office.

Today, there were celebrations on the streets of Cairo after the announcement that Morsi had been removed from office by the military.

But according to CBC's Nahlah Ayed, the people she spoke with in Cairo are also "wary": "yes, they are happy the army is doing this but on the other hand they were wary. They did not want another supreme council of the armed forces, which was what failed miserably before."

egypt-unrest-army.jpgThe Army

The Egyptian army stepped in, following popular demonstrations, to remove Mohamed Morsi from office.

General Abdel Fattah al Sissi, the head of the military, said Morsi has "failed to meet the demands of the people."

Sissi also announced a post-Morsi roadmap that includes an early presidential election (no date has been set) and suspension of the Islamist-backed constitution that was put in place by Morsi's government.

egypt-unrest-morsi.jpgMohamed Morsi

Mohamed Morsi was the first democratically elected President of Egypt. His Freedom and Justice Party, which was founded by the Muslim Brotherhood, won elections in 2012 which were declared free and fair by outside observers.

He was installed as president on June 30, 2012, and declared unseated yesterday, July 3, 2013.

At the moment, he is under house arrest, and according to Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad El-Haddad he is not being allowed to make contact with anyone: "They cut all his access, all his calls. No one is meeting him."

egypt-unrest-mansour.jpgAdly Mahmud Mansour

In Morsi's place, the military has appointed Adly Mahmud Mansour interim leader.

Mansour is the head of Egypt's Supreme Constitutional Court, a position he was appointed to in May. He only took over the position as head of the Court on July 1.

During the swearing-in ceremony, Mansour praised the military and the street demonstrations that led to the removal of Morsi: "The most glorious thing about June 30 is that it brought together everyone without discrimination or division," he said.

He also stated that the revolution in Egypt must continue so that "we stop producing tyrants."

egypt-unrest-el-shater-badie.jpgKhairat el-Shater and Mohammed Badie

Both Khairat el-Shater, a former presidential candidate for Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood and present second-in-command (that's him on the left), and Mohammed Badie, the current leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, are facing charges from the authorities in Egypt.

Arrest warrants were issued for both men on charges of inciting the killing of protesters in front of the Muslim Brotherhood's headquarters on June 30, 2013.

Today, officials announced that Badie was arrested in a resort village west of Cairo. He has been flown to the capital city by helicopter.

The two men are on a list of more than 300 Brotherhood officials and leaders of other Islamist groups that are being sought by military authorities.

What's Next?

There are fears that supporters of Morsi could respond violently to the military's actions in ousting the president.

CNN's international correspondent Ben Wedeman said Morsi's supporters may "challenge (Egypt's new leaders) with violence. They may take the attitude of 'we tried to play the game, our leaders were jailed, our media have been shut down... so we're going to destroy the system."

One spokesman for the Muslim Brotherhood told Anderson Cooper that his group is committed to non-violence, but also spoke about the frustration many people are feeling.

"At the end of the day, we are committed to democracy and to peaceful change of power," he said. "But if the road to democracy every time... gets derailed... what other option are the people left with?"

Scenes From The Protests

egypt-unrest-face-paint.jpg
A man with his face painted the colours of the Egyptian flag protests in Tahrir Square on July 3 (Photo: Getty)

egypt-unrest-pro-morsi.jpg
Pro-Morsi supporters demonstrate in the Cairo suburb of Nasr City, July 2, 2013 (Photo: Getty)

egypt-unrest-graffiti.jpg
An opposition demonstrator sits below graffiti of Morsi in Cairo on July 3, 2013 (Photo: Getty)

egypt-unrest-celebration.jpg
Demonstrators celebrate outside the Presidential Palace after the announcement the military would be temporarily taking over from the Morsi government (Photo: Getty)

egypt-unrest-anti-morsi-protesters.jpg
Anti-Morsi demonstrators gather outside the Presidential Palace, July 2, 2013 (Photo: Getty)

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