According to the newly released U.S. and Canada Green City Index, Vancouver is the second-most environmentally friendly city in North America, just behind San Francisco. The study ranks each city based on a number of factors, including air quality, land use, energy efficiency, buildings, and waste. Of the 27 cities included in the study, Van City ranked in the top ten on each of these criteria, with the best air quality and CO2 levels in North America.
The report is more than just a way of ranking cities, though. It's designed to highlight the most effective responses to environmental challenges in cities. As the study's authors point out, the North American population is increasingly concentrated in urban environments, and that's where green solutions are needed most. At the moment, 81% of Canadians live in cities, with that number expected to hit 88% by 2050.
So what are Canadian cities doing to improve the environment? Well, a lot of them have plans in place, and the top of the list for most of them is reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving air quality. Some cities are also working with industry to create greener buildings and manufacturing practices. Here are the environmental initiative pages for some Canadian cities: