On April 1, 1939, the Spanish Civil War came to an end with a radio announcement declaring victory for General Fransisco Franco and his Nationalist army. The war began in 1936, when Franco and his group of rebel Nationalists launched a coup against the democratically elected government and the Republicans who defended them. Eventually the Nationalists prevailed, having been bolstered by supplies (including much-needed troops and munitions) from Nazi Germany and fascist Italy. The end of the war inaugurated 36 years of fascist rule under Franco until his death in 1975.
The war had thousands of casualties, and affected all ways of everyday life. Even football was radically altered. In this piece on Slate, you can read about how the rivalry between Real Madrid and FC Barcelona has its roots in the Spanish Civil War.
The war also attracted many young writers, artists and journalists from Europe and the United States — men and women who came to support the Republicans and fight against Franco's regime and the threat of fascism. These foreigners included Ernest Hemingway and George Orwell and the pioneering war photographers Gerda Taro and Robert Capa, whose photogrpah "Falling Soldier" is one of the most iconic war photos of all time.
As a result, the Spanish Civil War didn't just capture the passions and imaginations of a particular generation — it lives on in a variety of artforms to this day. So on the 75th anniversary of the war's end. Here are a few great books, movies, and other art about or inspired by the conflict. Check out our list in the gallery above.