Canada is now home to 6.8 million people who were born outside the country, according to stats released in May from the 2011 National Household Survey. That accounts for more than 20 per cent of the population, making Canada the country with the highest proportion of foreign-born residents of any G8 nation.
Today is the UN's International Migrants Day, and to mark the occasion, we decided to take a look at Canada's history of immigration. While Canada now boasts some 200 ethnic groups and 100 religions according to the survey, the cultural mosaic has been in continual flux over the last 100 years as different waves of immigrants arrived.
Canada's earliest known inhabitants were aboriginal people. Some scientists support theories that the first humans in North America crossed here from Asia via what was once an intercontinental Bering Strait land bridge some 20,000 years ago. According to aboriginal oral tradition, however, aboriginal people originated in North America.
Click through the gallery above for a bit of historical context about some of the different waves of migrants that changed the face of Canada.