Eighty-four years ago today was "Black Tuesday" — on October 29, 1929, the U.S. stock market fell more than 30 points, losing about 12 per cent of its value in a single day, marking the beginning of the Great Depression.
Although it originated in the U.S., the Depression hit Canada hard. Gross national product in this country dropped 40 per cent between 1929 and 1939 (it only fell 37 per cent in the U.S.). In 1933, at the height of the Great Depression, unemployment hit 27 per cent in Canada, and many businesses closed.
The Prairie provinces were especially affected by the crisis, as wheat prices collapsed and farmers were forced to move into towns and cities. For an overview of the Depression and its effect on this country, visit the Canadian Encyclopedia.
And hit the gallery above for a look at some scenes from the Depression era in this country, from people living in unemployment "relief camps" to demonstrations on the streets of Vancouver and Toronto.