A bustling city in Lower Saxony and located on the River Aller, Wolfsburg was founded in 1938 as a planned town where workers in the local Volkswagen factories would live.

Originally known as KdF Car near Fallersleben, it was renamed Wolfsburg in 1945 after a castle located in the city.

Wolfsburg enjoyed major economic renewal in the 1950s and 1960s due to the influx of thousands of refugees who worked in the Volkswagen factories. As a result, the Beetle car became the very symbol of the city, and the country's rise as an economic power in the aftermath of World War Two.

Population: 121,000

Sightseeing: Known mostly as the headquarters of Volkswagen, Wolfsburg is also a city of cultural renown, home to the Alvar Aalto cultural centre, a theatre designed by German architect Hans Scharoun, a planetarium and the new arts museum.

World Cup stadium: Home to Bundesliga club VfL Wolfsburg, the  Volkswagen Arena seats 26,062 spectators. Built in 2002, the stadium has hosted several UEFA Cup and UEFA Champions League games.

2011 World Cup matches: Mexico vs. England on June 27, Brazil vs. Norway on July 3, Sweden vs. United States on July 6, quarter-final match-up on July 9.