Located west of the Rhine between Dusseldorf and the Dutch town of Roermond, Monchengladbach was first settled approximately 300,000-400,000 years ago and shows remains of Homo erectus and Neanderthal.

In 1815, Gladbach became part of the Kingdom of Prussia and the city took the name Monchengladbach in 1888. When the Prussian Rhine Province was dissolved in the aftermath of the Second World War, the city became part of the new state, North Rhine-Westphalia

Once a single-industry town (textile and clothing industries), Monchengladbach has changed over the last 30 years and currently boasts a commercial centre with a mix of trades, including textiles and fashion, mechanical engineering, electronics, logistics, and health care/medical technology.

Population: 265,000

Sightseeing: The main points of interest in Monchengladbach include the Municipal Abteiberg Museum for contemporary art, the Municipal Museum Schloss Rheydt for fine art, and the Bunter Garten, a municipal park with a botanical garden and an arboretum

World Cup stadium: Borussia-Park is the home of German Bundesliga team Borussia Monchengladbach. Opened in 2004, it has a seating capacity of 45,860 — the third-largest stadium to be used at this summer's Women's World Cup.  

2011 World Cup matches: Brazil vs. Australia on June 29, France vs. Germany on July 5, a semifinal match-up on July 13.