Located on the Eastern bank of the Rhine, Leverkusen has become world famous as the home of multinational chemical and pharmaceutical company Bayer.

Dating back to the 12th century when it was known as the rural area of Wiesdorf, Leverkusen became industrialized in the late 19th century when Bayer moved its headquarters to town. The company's main plant was bombed in 1943 during the Battle of Berlin.

Leverkusen was founded in 1930 by the merging of four towns, and the city is currently made up of several villages.

Population: 162,000

Sightseeing: Aside from an annual open-air street festival every summer featuring local musicians, Leverkusen also features Morsbroich Castle (a municipal museum of modern art), Japanese Gardens, and Leverkusen-B├╝rrig (a 72.45 metre high water tower).

World Cup stadium: With a capacity of 29,708, BayArena is the home of German Bundesliga outfit Bayer Leverkusen. Built in 1956, the stadium has hosted several German national team games, as well as UEFA Cup and UEFA Champions League matches.

2011 World Cup matches: Colombia vs. Sweden on June 28, Japan vs. Mexico on July 1, Australia vs. Norway on July 6, quarter-final match-up on July 9.