Germany's largest city, Berlin is also the capital of the country and serves as the seat of the German government.

It is, of course, also a city with important history.

Berlin was split in two during World War Two — East Berlin controlled by the Soviet Union, West Berlin controlled by the Allied forces. The onset of the Cold War saw the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. Two years later, U.S. President John F. Kennedy uttered his immortal phrase "Ich bin ein Berliner" while visiting the city, before the wall came down in 1989 as a result of German reunification.

Population: 3.4 million

Sightseeing: Berlin is littered with museums, including the Holocaust memorial and Museum Island. Checkpoint Charlie, the former border crossing, tells the story of the formerly divided German state. The city's most famous landmark is the Brandenburg Gate.

World Cup stadium: Berlin's Olympiastadion, home to German second-division team Hertha BSC, was originally built for the 1936 Olympics. With a seating capacity of 73,067, the stadium hosted the 2006 FIFA World Cup final between Italy and France, and three matches during the 1974 FIFA World Cup. It has also staged every German Cup final since 1985.

2011 World Cup matches: Germany vs. Canada on June 26.