The third-largest city in Bavaria, Augsburg is the only German city with its own legal holiday, Augsburger Friedensfest (the Peace Festival), celebrated every year on Aug. 8.
The city was founded in 15 BC by Drusus and Tiberius, and owed its early development to its affiliation with the Roman Empire. It was also a key battleground in the Thirty Years' War from 1618 to 1648.
It has historically always been a militarily important city due to its locale. In 1945, the city was bombed and became occupied by American troops. Today, Augsburg is a vibrant industrial city, home to textile and machine engineering factories.
Sightseeing: The city's main points of interest include Mozart's house (the composer lived in Augsbrug for a time), Perlachturm (a 10th century bell tower), Augsburg Cathedral (built in the Romanesque style in the 11th century) and Town Hall (featuring the Goldener Saal).
World Cup stadium: Impuls Arena seats 24,661 and is home to FC Augsburg, who recently won promotion to the German Bundesliga. The stadium has hosted German national women's team matches, as well as games at last year's FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup.
2011 World Cup matches: Japan vs. New Zealand on June 27, Norway vs. Equatorial Guinea on June 29, North Korea vs. Sweden on July 2, England vs. Japan on July 5, quarter-final match-up on July 10.