FIFA's general secretary Jerome Valcke defended the process for choosing Russia and Qatar to host the 2018 and 2022 World Cups, but has not ruled out the possibility of changing it for 2026.
Valcke said on Tuesday FIFA has until 2018 to decide if it "should or [should] not change" the way host countries are decided. But he said last week's vote for the World Cup hosts was "perfectly organized, perfectly transparent and perfectly under control."
Russia beat bids from England, Belgium-Netherlands and Spain-Portugal for 2018. Qatar, which was criticized by FIFA itself for the heat and its small size, won the 2022 vote ahead of Australia, Japan, the United States, and South Korea. The vote was greeted with shock in England and the United States and sparked allegations that the entire process was too secretive and rife with corruption.
Before the vote in Zurich, FIFA's committee members faced intense media scrutiny about alleged corruption and vote-trading. FIFA suspended two committee members for violating ethics rules, but said there was insufficient evidence to prove allegations that Qatar and the Spain-Portugal bid had conspired to trade blocks of votes.
"If we say yes, yes it does not work, we would recognize something went wrong," said Valcke, who was in Abu Dhabi ahead of Wednesday's opening match of the Club World Cup.
"I'm sorry to say we have organized a voting system which was very transparent," he said. "If the question is it's not transparent because you don't know who voted for whom, you will never know for whom I voted for between Nicolas Sarkozy and [French Socialist politician] Segolene Royal three years ago when the election took place. I will not tell because that is my freedom to decide for whom I voted without having to say publicly my choice."
Chuck Blazer, a FIFA executive committee member from the United States, insisted "the process had not failed at all."
Blazer said he voted for Russia and the United States, and denied media allegations that he had reneged on a promise to vote for England, and had backed Qatar for 2022 ahead of his own country.
"I've been very clear to anyone who was involved in the bidding and had impression on how I was leaning. I never made a promise to anyone how I was going to vote. I certainly never disappointed anyone," he said. "I voted for Russia and the United States, and I did so for what I believed were good and sufficient reasons."
Blazer insisted the secret ballot limited outside pressure on the 22 FIFA executive committee members who voted Thursday.
"Here where we have closed ballot, we are criticized for not opening the ballot and causing greater transparency," he told reporters.
"Personally, I feel there is a need for a closed ballot at FIFA at this level because of fact there are many governments and other individuals interested in potentially influencing the votes of members who may be in their own constituency," he said.
"The one way to protect them is allowing them to vote without it being public. People who yell transparency, well there are problems sometimes in that transparency if it has a negative effect on those people who need to exercise judgment."
Then three days before the vote, FIFA was hit by corruption allegations when three senior officials were accused by the European media of having received secret payments.
Executive committee members Ricardo Teixeira of Brazil, Nicolas Leoz of Paraguay and Issa Hayatou of Camaroon were said to have allegedly received payoffs from world football's former marketing agency.
The BBC and Swiss newspaper Tages-Anzeiger and Germany's Sueddeutsche Zeitung reported that three long-standing members of FIFA's ruling panel received kickbacks from marketing agency ISL from 1989-99.
Valke and Blazer said it was time to move past these allegations and Blazer insisted the allegations in no way tainted either winner.
"I don't want any of that to take away from victory of Russia and Qatar in having been successful in the vote," Blazer said. "I was satisfied when I left the voting room that the vote had been held democratically, that people had voted their own conscious and this was the result."