FIFA has given worldwide bans to 58 football players and officials found guilty in Chinese match-fixing cases.
FIFA says it expelled 33 people from world football for life and 25 others will serve five-year bans for involvement in "domestic match-fixing and bribery."
All those banned were previously sanctioned by the Chinese Football Association.
Life bans were imposed on referee Lu Jun, who officiated two 2002 World Cup group-stage matches, and four former Chinese internationals: Shen Si, Qi Hong, Jiang Jin and Li Ming.
FIFA says the sanctions follow investigations and trials conducted by law enforcement and football authorities from 2010-12.
FIFA says the fixed matches were played "in the 1990s and early 2000s."