Pakistan cricketer Mohammad Asif has been found guilty of accepting money to fix parts of a test match in the most serious corruption scandal to hit the sport in more than a decade.
A jury at London's Southwark Crown Court had already found former captain Salman Butt guilty of both counts of conspiracy to cheat and conspiracy to accept corrupt payments as part of a betting scam.
Asif was convicted of fixing earlier Tuesday but the 12 jurors needed another three hours to reach a 10-2 majority verdict on whether he had taken money.
The players could face seven years in jail when they are sentenced later this week.
More work needed against corruption
Cricket bodies and the sport's former greats called for renewed efforts to stamp out corruption after Tuesday's conviction of Pakistan cricketers Salman Butt and Mohammad Asif for fixing parts of a test match.
The Marylebone Cricket Club's Mike Brearley was among those to warn that the successful prosecution of the case against former captain Butt and bowler Asif does not allow authorities to relax their guard against corruption.
The MCC owns Lord's, the north London ground on which Asif and fellow bowler Mohammad Amir deliberately bowled no-balls in a betting scam.
"MCC believe that corruption is the biggest danger facing any sport, including cricket," MCC World Cricket Committee Chairman Brearley said. "The club believes that strong measures should be taken along the lines of deterrence, education, investigation and prevention at domestic and international cricket levels.
"It is also aware of the tentacles of menace and threat that can entrap young players."
With Pakistani players earning a fraction of that grossed by their superstar counterparts in India, that country's players are widely regarded as being especially susceptible to corruption.
"Corruption is an ongoing problem that needs persistence and vigour in all responsible bodies and leaders in the game in trying to combat it," Brearley said.
The International Cricket Council created its Anti-Corruption and Security Unit in response to the incidents. Widespread corruption is widely believed to have been stamped out, but isolated cases such as the Pakistan case still occur.
"It leaves a cloud over Pakistan cricket," former England all-rounder Ian Botham said. "It's up to Pakistan and you've got to address your own problems. You can't keep sweeping it under the carpet. You know it's there — do something about it."
— The Associated Press
Fast bowler Mohammad Amir had already pleaded guilty to both charges.
The 12 jurors were unanimous in their decision that both players were guilty of conspiracy to cheat, but could only reach a 10-2 majority verdict on the charge that Butt took money to do so.
Judge Jeremy Cooke ordered the jury, which had already spent more than 16 hours discussing its verdicts, to retire again to continue its efforts to reach at least a 10-2 majority on the second charge against Asif.
The lesser charge of conspiracy to cheat carries a possible punishment of two years in prison.
Prosecutors said Butt and Asif conspired with sports agent Mazhar Majeed to ensure the delivery of three intentional no-balls during the match against England in August 2010. Asif and fellow bowler Mohammad Amir overstepped by such a margin that match commentators at the time remarked with incredulity at the sloppiness of their play.
Butt, Asif and Amir have already received lengthy suspensions from an International Cricket Council anti-corruption tribunal in Doha for fixing parts of the Lord's test.
Butt was banned for 10 years, five of which are suspended, Amir was banned for five years and Asif was given a seven-year ban, with two suspended. The ICC said it was content with the punishments after Tuesday's verdicts.
Whereas Cronje — who died in a plane crash in 2002 — received immunity from criminal prosecution in exchange for his admission of fixing, the Pakistan players still faced a court case after their sporting punishment.
The allegations originally surfaced after Majeed was recorded by an undercover reporter working for the now-defunct News of the World tabloid saying that the three Pakistan players had accepted money to fix betting markets.
Majeed was secretly filmed accepting 150,000 pounds ($242,000) in cash from the journalist.
Butt said he had ignored the requests from Majeed, his agent, and the 28-year-old Asif — who reached No. 2 in the ICC's test bowling rankings the month before the Lord's test — said he had only bowled the no-ball at precisely the time Majeed said it would be delivered because Butt had told him to run faster moments before bowling.
Cooke previously told the London jurors to accept that Amir was involved.
The jury initially retired at midday Thursday but reported to Cooke on Monday that it was unable to reach a unanimous decision.
Criminal prosecution for sports corruption remains rare in Britain, with arguably the most notable case being the imprisonment of footballer Tony Kay 47 years ago.
The one-time England international was convicted of conspiracy to defraud over allegations he bet on his Everton side to lose a match. He served 10 weeks of a four-month sentence and never again played professionally.
Pakistan captain Salim Malik and a teammate became the first cricketers to be banned for match-fixing in 1999, with Cronje and former India captain Mohammed Azharuddin banned the following year after Cronje admitted to forecasting results in exchange for money from a London bookmaker.
The ICC created its Anti-Corruption and Security Unit in response to the incidents. Widespread corruption is widely held to have been stamped out, but isolated cases still occur.
West Indies batsman Marlon Samuels was banned for two years in 2008 over allegations he passed on information to a bookmaker.