Scott Barry Kaufman
is a cognitive psychologist at New York University. His new book is called Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined
. In it, he critiques the idea of intelligence (or even multiple intelligences) as a fixed 'thing'. Instead, he describes a personalized, more fluid idea of intelligence. He marshals a compelling body of research to suggest that there are multiple paths to success, and that we can learn to support our growth through our mindset, deliberate practice, the cultivation of creativity, and more.