Rewind | Nov 10, 2011 | 2:39

CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 17)

Canadian peacemakers were lauded as heroes when they went to Somalia in 1992 to restore order to a country ruled by rebels. But as it turned out, the Canadian Airborne regiment was splitting apart at the seams and the troops came home in disgrace. In the ensuing investigation, it was revealed that there was neither proper leadership or accountability.

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Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 9)Nov 10, 2011 | 2:36Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 9) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 9) Nov 10, 2011 | 2:36Two of the voices for CBC who made their name during the war were Lorne Greene, who read the news, and the other was Matthew Halton. Halton was an unabashed sentimentalist who covered the war as a crusade. A thoughtful philosopher and determined idealist, Matthew Halton was an everyman poet who wore his heart boldly on his sleeve. Listen to his report from August 1944 after the liberation of Paris.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 10)Nov 10, 2011 | 1:31Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 10) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 10) Nov 10, 2011 | 1:31May 8, 1945, was a day to celebrate. It was VE-Day, the long-awaited moment when the Allied forces triumphed over Nazi Germany to claim victory in Europe. Here’s a report from the streets of Toronto.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 11)Nov 10, 2011 | 1:39Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 11) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 11) Nov 10, 2011 | 1:39In the 1950s, with superpowers in the east and the west testing powerful new weapons, Canadians fretted about fallout shelters and the government prepared to go underground. In November 1961, the government decided to simulate a nuclear attack to test the country’s response. This is what it sounded like.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 12)Nov 10, 2011 | 2:16Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 12) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 12) Nov 10, 2011 | 2:16Canadians had the opportunity to pursue peace through the United Nations Blue Berets. Starting in 1956 in the Suez Canal as the brainchild of Prime Minister Lester Pearson, the Peacekeepers helped to defuse tension and symbolize reconciliation. Canadians peacekeepers went to Cyprus in 1964 when the newly independent island struggled to balance the interests of its Greek and Turkish communities. This next clip is from April 1965.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 13)Nov 10, 2011 | 1:05Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 13) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 13) Nov 10, 2011 | 1:05Vietnam may have been America's war but Canada was involved- for and against. Canada harboured between 30 and 40,000 American draft dodgers and helped supervise ceasefires. But at the same time, about 30,000 Canadians volunteered to fight in Southeast Asia. And Canada was involved in secret missions, weapons testing and arms production. Our clip is from March 1969 and is from a halfway house in Toronto.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 14)Nov 10, 2011 | 1:23Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 14) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 14) Nov 10, 2011 | 1:23Canada has always had peace activists- from the Voice of Women to the Pugwash Conference of scientists and the Canadian Peace Research Institute. And certainly the anti war message of the late 1960s and the Vietnam War rippled across Canada too. In the early 1980s peace activists rallied around the threat of nuclear escalation, and in particular the plan to test the cruise missile in Alberta. This next clip is from October 1982 and it’s from a rally in Ottawa.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 15)Nov 10, 2011 | 1:51Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 15) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 15) Nov 10, 2011 | 1:51Even forty years after the end of the Second World War, questions persisted about whether Canada had accepted Nazi war criminals. There was even a rumour that the notorious Dr. Josef Mengele had immigrated to this country and was living here under an alias. In 1985 the federal government established an inquiry to look into the issue. It was called the Deschênes Commission and it investigated 883 potential war criminals. The establishment of the commission put the Canadian Jewish community at odds with those of Eastern European descent who objected to the use of evidence from the Soviet Union and other Iron Curtain countries. Listen to this report from 1987 when the report was released.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 16)Nov 10, 2011 | 0:34Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 16) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 16) Nov 10, 2011 | 0:34And then in 1991 a war in the Gulf. A television audience was captivated by the flying missiles that lit up the night sky. Canadian troops, sent abroad for combat for the first time since the Korean War joined the Allied forces to fight Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. On the surface, the occupation ended swiftly and decisively as the Iraqi forces retreated. But as was evident over the next decade, the problems remained unresolved. Here’s the live report from the day the war broke out.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 17)Nov 10, 2011 | 2:39Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 17) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 17) Nov 10, 2011 | 2:39Canadian peacemakers were lauded as heroes when they went to Somalia in 1992 to restore order to a country ruled by rebels. But as it turned out, the Canadian Airborne regiment was splitting apart at the seams and the troops came home in disgrace. In the ensuing investigation, it was revealed that there was neither proper leadership or accountability.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 18)Nov 10, 2011 | 5:01Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 18) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 18) Nov 10, 2011 | 5:01When Lt.-Gen. Roméo Dallaire arrived in the Rwandan capital of Kigali in October 1993 he had high hopes for what he believed would be a textbook case of peacekeeping. But as he prepared to help broker a shaky peace, Hutu extremists were secretly putting the pieces in place for a widespread massacre of their hated rivals, the Tutsis. More than 800,000 people were slaughtered in 100 days and in the middle of the horror was a Canadian peacekeeper whose efforts to avert the tragedy were thwarted by political apathy and incalculable evil. Michael Enright talked to Roméo Dallaire regularly as the situation in Rwanda deteriorated. Dallaire came home a broken man. In June of 2000 he spoke with him on the program This Morning.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 19)Nov 10, 2011 | 0:40Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 19) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 19) Nov 10, 2011 | 0:40In January 2001 three Canadian warships left Halifax to embark for Afghanistan, where they would join the U.S. led force fighting the Taliban. Prime Minister Jean Chretien was there.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 20)Nov 10, 2011 | 4:31Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 20) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of War Coverage (Clip 20) Nov 10, 2011 | 4:31And to end our show today, some more from Matthew Halton. This is from Remembrance Day 1944, as the Second World War was nearing its end.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of Politics (Clip 1)Oct 27, 2011 | 1:09Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of Politics (Clip 1) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of Politics (Clip 1) Oct 27, 2011 | 1:09We start with the Second World War and conscription. During the First World War, the issue of compulsory military service had bitterly divided English Canadians who reacted with patriotic fervour, and French Canadians who felt no allegiance to England. When conscription was enacted in 1917 there were riots in Quebec. So as war broke out in Europe once again, Prime Minister MacKenzie King promised that this time there would be no overseas conscription. But by 1942 the volunteers were running dry, and King was forced to revisit the issue. And for just the second time in Canada’s history Canadians were asked to vote in a referendum or plebiscite. Prime Minister King took to the airwaves to help persuade Canadians to vote yes.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of Politics (Clip 2)Oct 27, 2011 | 1:38Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of Politics (Clip 2) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of Politics (Clip 2) Oct 27, 2011 | 1:38On January 1st, 1947, the Canadian Citizenship Act came into effect. On this New Year's Day CBC Radio broadcast, Maclean's magazine editor Blair Fraser told a nation of new citizens what it all meant.
Rewind - CBC celebrates 75 years of Politics (Clip 3)Oct 27, 2011 | 1:32Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of Politics (Clip 3) Audio
Rewind CBC celebrates 75 years of Politics (Clip 3) Oct 27, 2011 | 1:32As the Second World War wound down, Canadian families feared a return of economic depression, and wondered how they would provide for their children in the wake of six years at war. The idea of a family allowance was floated. Listen to this rather stilted discussion from 1944.

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