Population by region:
Oxford Dictionaries bestowed its "word of the year" honour on 😂. The company said the "tears of joy" symbol best reflected the "ethos, mood and pre-occupations of 2015."
Released on Nov. 20, Adele's third album, 25, sold 3.38 million copies in the U.S. in its first week, according to Nielsen — including over one million downloads.
As a result of turmoil in global markets, the Canadian dollar fell to an 11-year low against the U.S. greenback in December, dropping below 72 cents.
The magical game five win that sent the Toronto Blue Jays to the American League Championship Series also spurred a surge on social media: #ComeTogether jumped to No. 1 in the worldwide Twitter trends.
According to the World Meteorological Organization, 2015 is likely to be the hottest year on record, with global temperatures expected to reach more than 1°C above pre-industrial levels. Scientists say that 2°C represents a tipping point, after which damage to the planet would be irreparable.
Newly elected Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau appointed a record 15 women to his 31-member cabinet. When asked why he was prioritizing gender parity, he responded simply, "Because it's 2015."
Cabinet members by gender (blue indicates female):
About 50 per cent of U.S. citizens voice support for gun control while 47 per cent prioritize the right to own guns, according to the Pew Research Center. This represents a shift from last December, when 52 per cent favoured gun rights and 46 per cent favoured gun control.
The U.S.-based Pew Research Center reported that support for gay marriages climbed from 37 per cent in 2009 to 57 per cent in 2015 — the same year the U.S. Supreme Court made same-sex marriage legal in all 50 states.
Younger Canadians are watching fewer hours of traditional TV and opting instead for streaming services such as Netflix. According to a 2015 CRTC monitoring report, between 2009 and 2014, TV viewing hours declined more than 12 per cent for viewers 18-34, while the same report said 58 per cent of Anglophones aged 18 to 34 subscribe to Netflix.
In a journey that lasted nine and a half years and spanned five billion kilometres, NASA's New Horizons space probe made a historic flyby of Pluto. The spacecraft captured images of the dwarf planet that revealed its hazy skies and glaciers of nitrogen ice.
For the first time ever, there are more people in Canada aged 65 and older than there are under the age of 15, according to Statistics Canada.
Note: Post-2015 data based on population projections.
Spotify revealed Toronto-born rapper Drake was the most streamed artist on its service in 2015. Drake's If You're Reading This It's Too Late was also the second-most streamed album, after The Beauty Behind the Madness by fellow Torontonian The Weeknd.
Seventy-six per cent of adults online in 2015 used social networking sites — an increase of two per cent from 2014, according to the U.S.-based Pew Research Center.
Despite hard-fought gains, the percentage of women in the workforce remains about the same as it was about 20 years ago, at 55 per cent, according to a 2015 report from the Clinton Foundation. The same report also says women in almost every country earn less than men.
Percentage of women worldwide in the workforce:
Volkswagen is facing $18 billion in penalties in the U.S. alone after the German automaker was found to be using software that allowed cars to fool emissions tests, making the vehicles seem cleaner than they actually are.
According to the CRTC's 2015 monitoring report, 20.4 per cent of Canadian households say they subscribe exclusively to mobile services, compared with 14.4 per cent that only have landline services.
More than 68 per cent of eligible voters — or 17,546,697 registered electors — cast a ballot in the Canadian election. By comparison, 61 per cent voted in the last federal election in 2011.
London-based research analysts Ovum project that by year end, global spending on digital music formats such as downloads and streaming subscriptions will for the first time overtake sales of physical versions such as CDs. Ovum predicts there will be $11.7 billion US in digital sales compared to $10.3 billion in physical purchases.
An estimated 3.2 billion people — or half of the world's population — will use the Internet by the end of 2015, according to the International Telecommunications Union.
Percentage of humans who are online:
Canada's birth and death rates have been on a steady increase, from 376,951 births and 244,968 deaths in 2010-2011 to 388,729 and 268,056, respectively, in 2014-2015.
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