Unrest in Turkey: key players, major developments
Riot police clear protesters from Taksim Square, Gezi Park
Last Updated: June 16, 2013
Trees were at the heart of Turkey's recent upheaval — specifically the government's plan to raze Istanbul's Gezi Park. Environmentalists took to the streets in peaceful protest over the proposal to build an army barracks and shopping area in place of the green space.
But it was the police crackdown on that protest, coupled with lingering tensions about Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's government, that sparked the massive street protests of recent days. Thousands have been reported arrested and hurt; at least four have been killed.
Turkey is a secular country, with separation of religion and state since the 1920s.
Other ethnicities: 18% Kurdish, 7-12% other
Median age: 29.2
Almost 43 per cent of the population is under the age of 25.
$15,000 per capita GDP
Turkey's economy has grown at an average of 6.5 per cent annually since 2010.
Who's who: Politicians, police and protesters
Sources: CBC News stories, wire service reports, CIA Factbook (demographic information)
Top left photo: A protester casts his shadow on a Turkish flag at Taksim Square in Istanbul on June 3. (Kostas Tsironis/AP)