Story Tools: PRINT | Text Size: S M L XL | REPORT TYPO | SEND YOUR FEEDBACK
Canadian troops in Afghanistan (CP Photo)

In Depth

Canada's Military

Canadian Forces in the 21st century

Last Updated April 21, 2008

In June 2005, the Canadian Forces announced a major overhaul of its command structure - with a new emphasis on its mission within Canada. The goal: to respond more quickly to domestic disasters and terrorist threats.

Then defence minister Bill Graham said the new Canada Command will also improve co-ordination between the military and Canada's security and border control agencies, while reinforcing the country's commitments under the North American Aerospace Defence Command.

He said the announcement was the first step in a larger plan to revamp Canada's military, a force that has been criticized by the U.S. and other NATO allies as underfunded.

In the 2005 budget, the Liberal government promised a nearly $13-billion boost in military spending for the next five years. The Conservatives' budget in 2006 allocated $1.1 billion to the Canadian military over two years, as part of $5.3 billion in funding coming over the next five years.

As well, during the last week of June 2006, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced $15 billion in spending on military vehicles, including transport planes, heavy-lift helicopters, troop carrier ships and trucks. The spending will be spread out over several years.

Canada's military budget for 2008 was $18.2 billion. It's projected to reach $19 billion next year. In the 2008 budget, the government pledged to increase military spending by two per cent a year for 20 years, starting in 2011, which would add an additional $12 billion over those 20 years.

Canada Command

The officer in charge of Canada Command, Lt.-Gen. Marc Dumais, is the second most powerful uniformed officer in the Canadian Forces - reporting directly to the chief of defence staff.

The aim is to cut red tape and deploy soldiers and supplies quickly across the country when they are needed.

The Department of National Defence said the commander of Canada Command "will be responsible for the conduct of all domestic operations - routine and contingency - and will be the national operational authority for the defence of Canada and North America."

That means the new Canada Command will be this country's equivalent of the U.S. military's Northern Command, created after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.

The headquarters for Canada Command are in Ottawa, and there are also six regional headquarters: Northern, Pacific, Prairie, Central, East and Atlantic.

Chief of Defence Staff Gen. Rick Hillier said regional commanders will have the authority to deploy land, sea and air resources where they are needed, without going through what he called the current structure's "complex matrix" of commanders.

Here's a look at Canada and its military by the numbers.

Population
  • Today: 33,143,610 (2008 estimation)
  • Second World War: 11,507,000 (1941 census)
  • First World War: 7,207,000 (1911 census)
Land
  • Canada occupies 9,093,507 sq km, making it the second largest country in the world after Russia.
  • Canada has 243,791 km of coastline and 8,893 km of borders.
Military expenditure
  • Canada's defence budget for 2008: $18.2 billion.
  • Promised budget boost: $12 billion over 20 years beginning in 2011-12.
Armed Forces
  • Today: 62,000 military personnel including 9,000 sailors, 19,500 soldiers, 12,500 air force personnel and 20,000 administrative and support personnel. There are also about 25,000 reservists.
  • Second World War: 60,000 men and women enlisted in Canada's armed forces in one month (September 1939) after the declaration of war.
  • First World War: More than 600,000 Canadians enlisted to fight in the First World War from 1914-1918.
Navy
  • Today: There are 33 surface ships, four submarines and 9,000 sailors in Canada's navy.
  • Second World War: At the end of the war, Canada had the third-largest fleet in the world, after the U.S. and the U.K. 23 Canadian ships were sunk by German U-Boats in the Battle of St. Lawrence alone.
  • First World War: During the course of the First World War, Canada's naval service grew to a force of 9,000 men and 100 ships.
Canadians on the front lines
  • Today: More than 2,900 members of the Armed Forces are deployed overseas.
  • Second World War: More than one million served and approximately 45,000 died.
  • First World War: Almost 620,000 Canadians served in First World War and 66,000 died.
  • Canada in NATO: Of NATO's 26 member countries, Canada is...First in land area (9,093,507 sq. km), and sixth in total military spending ($13 billion)


Go to the Top

Story Tools: PRINT | Text Size: S M L XL | REPORT TYPO | SEND YOUR FEEDBACK

World »

Breaking Charles Manson, cult leader and killer, dead at 83
Notorious cult leader Charles Manson, who had been imprisoned in California since being convicted of orchestrating the slayings of actress Sharon Tate and six others in the summer of 1969, has died at age 83.
Nebraska to announce whether it will approve in-state Keystone XL route video
Nebraska regulators are set to decide Monday whether to approve or deny an in-state route for the proposed Keystone XL pipeline. It's the last major regulatory hurdle facing project operator TransCanada Corp.
Turkey bans LGBT events in capital, citing 'public security'
Turkish officials have banned all events by lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex rights groups in the country's capital, in a move LGBT organizations call illegal and discriminatory.
more »

Canada »

GO PUBLIC Bell insider reveals high-pressure sales tactics required on every single call
A longtime Bell call centre employee says she is pressured to make a sale on every call, often talking customers into products they don't understand, don't need, and sometimes can't afford
New housing strategy to build 80K affordable rental units for Canadians 'feeling the pinch'
Those struggling to keep a roof over their heads — whether looking to ease the burden of monthly rent payments or in desperate need of help to get off the streets — will find out later this week how the Liberal government hopes to deal with Canada's ever-present shortage of affordable housing.
Former Mexican president warns Trudeau not to be 'Judas' in NAFTA talks video
A former Mexican president has a warning for Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: Don't abandon our country in NAFTA talks like some modern-day "Judas."
more »

Politics »

Afghanistan looks to Canada for more training support
One of the leading figures in Afghanistan’s national government insists his war-torn country must be put back at the forefront of NATO’s efforts to defeat terrorist groups in the Middle East and South Asia.
Ottawa to apologize for persecuting LGBT public servants
Canadians who were criminally charged or fired from the military or Canada's civil service because of their sexual orientation will receive a formal apology from the prime minister before the end of month.
In Maxime Bernier's not-quite-tell-all book, he promises to reveal how he can 'fix' Canada
From Julie Couillard to Stephen Harper to supply management, Maxime Bernier tells CBC News what will and won't be in his forthcoming book.
more »

Health »

Sorry - we can't find that page
 
CBC.ca

Sorry, we can't find the page you requested.

  1. Please check the URL in the address bar, or ...
  2. Use the navigation links at left to explore our site, or ...
  3. Enter a term in the Quick Search box at top, or ...
  4. Visit our site map page

In a few moments, you will be taken to our site map page, which will help you find what you looking for.

more »

Arts & Entertainment»

Jeffrey Tambor doesn't see how he can return to Transparent
Actor Jeffrey Tambor says he doesn't see how he can return to the Amazon series Transparent following two allegations of sexual harassment against him.
Women of colour face different battle in sexual harassment scandal
The dozens of women accusing Harvey Weinstein of sexual assault and harassment have sparked a landslide of revelations and yet, minority voices are still largely absent from this growing movement.
Cosby Show actor Earle Hyman dead at 91
Earle Hyman, a veteran actor of stage and screen who was widely known for playing Russell Huxtable on The Cosby Show, has died.
more »

Technology & Science »

Blog Science imitates nature to improve solar cells
To make the surface of solar cells less reflective, and therefore absorb more light, scientists turned to a black butterfly for inspiration.
Truckers take cautious approach to all-electric vehicles video
All-electric trucks have the potential for cost savings for fleet operators, particularly if maintenance costs prove to be lower than diesel, but there are still some significant barriers to their adoption, according to trucking industry veterans.
Six Nations school launches app that teaches people to speak Mohawk
A Six Nations school is doing its part to keep Indigenous languages alive in the most modern of ways — with an app.
more »

Money »

GO PUBLIC Bell insider reveals high-pressure sales tactics required on every single call
A longtime Bell call centre employee says she is pressured to make a sale on every call, often talking customers into products they don't understand, don't need, and sometimes can't afford
Nebraska to announce whether it will approve in-state Keystone XL route video
Nebraska regulators are set to decide Monday whether to approve or deny an in-state route for the proposed Keystone XL pipeline. It's the last major regulatory hurdle facing project operator TransCanada Corp.
Truckers take cautious approach to all-electric vehicles video
All-electric trucks have the potential for cost savings for fleet operators, particularly if maintenance costs prove to be lower than diesel, but there are still some significant barriers to their adoption, according to trucking industry veterans.
more »

Consumer Life »

Sorry - we can't find that page
 
CBC.ca

Sorry, we can't find the page you requested.

  1. Please check the URL in the address bar, or ...
  2. Use the navigation links at left to explore our site, or ...
  3. Enter a term in the Quick Search box at top, or ...
  4. Visit our site map page

In a few moments, you will be taken to our site map page, which will help you find what you looking for.

more »

Sports »

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
Argos complete remarkable rebuild after last-place finish in East a year ago video
Argonauts coach Marc Trestman and general manager Jim Popp the general manager orchestrated one of the more impressive turnarounds in CFL history.
Recap Stampeders to meet Argos in Grey Cup after edging Eskimos
The Stampeders advanced to the CFL championship game for a second straight year Sunday when they downed the visiting Edmonton Eskimos 32-28 in the West Division final.
'Podium or bust': Canadian bobsledders ready to get risky video
A challenging season behind them, Canada's Justin Kripps and Jesse Lumsden plan to go all out in pursuit of an Olympic bobsleigh medal in Pyeongchang.
more »

Diversions »

[an error occurred while processing this directive]
more »