Yemenis voted Tuesday to instate their U.S.-backed vice-president as the new head of state tasked with steering the country out of a crisis created by an anti-government uprising that has raged for a year.
The vote can hardly be called an election as Vice-President Abed Rabbo Mansour al-Hadi is the only candidate. It is, however, a turning point for the impoverished Arab state, ending President Ali Abdullah Saleh's 33-year authoritarian rule.
Saleh is the fourth ruler to lose power in the Arab Spring uprisings. But to the chagrin of many protesters, he will likely remain in Yemen, where nothing bars him from political activity.
The BBC reported Tuesday that at least eight soldiers had been killed at southern polling stations, despite a large army presence, after separatists called for a voter boycott. Half of Aden's polling stations have closed, but the capital, Sanaa, was calm as people formed orderly queues, it said.
As part of a U.S.-backed deal brokered by Yemen's Gulf neighbours, Saleh is stepping down in exchange for a blanket immunity from prosecution. But the outgoing president, who over the years has built a strong web of tribal and family relations, could still hold considerable sway after Hadi is installed.
Saleh is now in the U.S. for medical treatment after an attack on his palace in June left him badly burned, and hastened his descent from power. He is expected to return to Yemen after the vote. Still, he addressed Yemenis through a message read out on state TV late Monday, urging them to vote and praising what he said was a new breed of politicians who were born out of the crisis. He also held out the possibility of an ongoing public role for himself, possibly through his longtime ruling party.
Polling station moved
"I bid farewell to authority," Saleh said. "I will remain with you as a citizen loyal to his country, people and nation … and will continue to serve the country and its just issues," he added.Sanaa and Aden, Yemen
His successor Hadi cast his vote at a polling station near his house in Sanaa. Indicating the still volatile security situation in Yemen, Hadi 's voting station was changed at the last minute because of reports of a bomb threat. Security around Hadi was tight.
"This is a qualitative leap for modern Yemen," Hadi said after voting. "There will be big political, economic and social change, which is the way out of the crisis that has ravaged the country."
Yemen is the poorest country in the Arab world, with a weak central government, a secessionist movement in the south, a rebellious Shia community along the northern border with Saudi Arabia and one of the world's most active al-Qaeda branches.
The U.S. had tried to cultivate Saleh as a partner in fighting al-Qaeda, providing him with funds, drones, boats and training for Yemeni special forces while keeping a limited presence of U.S. military experts in the country for co-ordination and training. It has also thrown its support behind vice-president Hadi in hopes he can and will help fight al-Qaeda.
In a reminder of just how unstable Yemen still is, a voting station was also blown up in the southern city of Aden on Monday when gunmen fired a rocket-propelled grenade. Yemeni separatists in the south are lobbying against the vote.
Voting was brisk
On Tuesday, witnesses reported gunfire in a neighbourhood in Aden. Adeeb al-Salani, a voter in Aden, said he couldn't reach the polling station because of the gunfire. He also said there was no security in the area.
But in Sanaa, voting was brisk.
Bushra al-Baadany came to the polling station with her young son.
"I am voting for Hadi as a new leader instead of Saleh because I want change," she said. "If Hadi is like Saleh, we are ready to have another revolution."
There are more than 10 million registered voters in this county of 24 million.
Yemenis first took to the streets to call for Saleh's ouster in January, 2011, inspired by the uprisings that toppled presidents in Tunisia and Egypt.
Since then, protesters have camped out in public squares and marched in huge numbers, despite crackdowns by Saleh's security forces that have killed more than 200 protesters. Hundreds more have died in armed clashes between armed groups and security forces.