U.S. President Barack Obama said on the first day of a partial federal government shutdown that House Republicans are on an "ideological crusade" against his health-care law, and called on them to stop holding the economy hostage.
Obama, in a speech Tuesday afternoon in the White House Rose Garden, urged Republicans to reopen the government quickly and allow furloughed federal employees to return to work.
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"They've shut down the government over an ideological crusade to deny affordable health care to millions of Americans," Obama said, surrounded by people he said were relying on the new health law.
By forcing the close of much of the government, Obama concluded, an out-of-control faction of House Republicans is putting the nation's fragile recovery at risk of an "economic shutdown."
The partial government shutdown is the latest twist in a long-running dispute over Obama's health-care law, over which a temporary funding bill has been stalled, forcing about 800,000 federal workers off the job and suspending most non-essential programs and services.
Shortly after Obama's speech, House Republicans moved to pass a series of targeted bills aimed at providing just enough funding to reopen programs for veterans, shuttered federal parks and to restore funds for the District of Columbia. The proposal was rejected by the White House.
The proposal shows the "utter lack of seriousness" from Republicans, White House press secretary Jay Carney said.
"If they want to open the government, they should open the government, and then we can negotiate about how we fund our budget priorities in the future," Carney told reporters.
In a letter emailed to federal employees Tuesday morning, Obama said the partial shutdown of government-funded services was "completely preventable."
The shutdown, the first since the winter of 1995-96, closed national parks, museums along the Washington Mall and the U.S. Capitol visitors centre, along with monuments like the National WWII Memorial – which was reportedly stormed and occupied by Second World War veterans who travelled from Mississippi to visit the monument – and the Statue of Liberty. Agencies like NASA and the Environmental Protection Agency will be all but shuttered.
People classified as essential government employees — such as air traffic controllers, Border Patrol agents and most food inspectors — will continue to work.
The health care law itself was unaffected as enrolment opened Tuesday for millions of people shopping for medical insurance.
Unexpectedly high internet traffic volumes to HealthCare.gov – the website serving as the gateway to the new online health insurance marketplace – has registered over one million visits, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The higher than normal volume led to delays, an official said.
Unclear how long standoff will last
The military will be paid under legislation freshly signed by Obama, but paychecks for other federal workers will be withheld until the impasse is broken. Federal workers were told to report to their jobs for a half-day but to perform only shutdown tasks like changing email greetings and closing down agencies' internet sites.
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The self-funded Postal Service will continue to operate and the government will continue to pay Social Security benefits and Medicare and Medicaid fees to doctors on time.
The Senate twice on Monday rejected House-passed bills that, first, conditioned keeping the government open to delaying key portions of the 2010 "Obamacare" law that take effect Tuesday, and then delayed for a year the law's requirement that millions of people buy medical insurance. The House passed the last version again early Tuesday; Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said the same fate awaits it when the Senate reconvenes Tuesday morning.
"You don't get to extract a ransom for doing your job, for doing what you're supposed to be doing anyway, or just because there's a law there that you don't like," Obama said Monday, delivering a similar message in private phone calls later to Republican House Speaker John Boehner and other lawmakers.
Boehner said he didn't want a government shutdown, but added the health care law "is having a devastating impact ... Something has to be done."
It wasn't clear how long the standoff would last, but it appeared that Obama and Reid had the upper hand.
"We can't win," said Senator John McCain of Arizona, adding that "sooner or later" the House would have to agree to Democrats' demands for a simple, straightforward funding bill reopening the government.
Last shutdowns happened 17 years ago
The order directing federal agencies to "execute plans for an orderly shutdown due to the absence of appropriations" was issued by White House Budget director Sylvia Burwell shortly before midnight Monday.
Around the same time, Obama appeared in a video message assuring members of the military they'll be paid under a law he just signed and telling civilian Defence Department employees that "you and your families deserve better than the dysfunction we're seeing in Congress."
The underlying spending bill would fund the government through Nov. 15 if the Senate gets its way or until Dec. 15 if the House does.
Until now, such bills have been routinely passed with bipartisan support, ever since a pair of shutdowns 17 years ago engineered by then-speaker Newt Gingrich severely damaged Republican election prospects and revived then-president Bill Clinton's political standing.
Boehner had sought to avoid the shutdown and engineer passage of a "clean" temporary spending bill for averting a government shutdown.
This time tea party activists mobilized by freshman Senator Ted Cruz of Texas mounted a campaign to seize the must-do measure in an effort to derail Obamacare. Republican leaders voiced reservations and many Republican lawmakers predicted it wouldn't work. Some even labelled it "stupid."
But the success of Cruz and other tea party-endorsed conservatives who upset establishment Republican candidates in 2010 and 2012 primaries was a lesson learned for many Republican lawmakers going into next year's election.