Syria's Foreign Ministry said Thursday that the country's former ambassador to Iraq should be punished after his defection to the opposition seeking to overthrow President Bashar Assad.
In a statement reported by Syria's state news agency, the ministry said Nawaf Fares had been "relieved of his duties" and should face "legal and disciplinary accountability." Fares announced his defection in a video released Wednesday, saying he was siding with "the revolution" against Assad.
He is the highest profile diplomat to defect in the uprising and the second prominent figure to leave the regime in a week, suggesting some cracks in Assad's regime are appearing at senior levels although the core of Assad's regime has remained loyal despite growing international pressure.
Brig. Gen. Manaf Tlass, an Assad confidant and son of a former defense minister, fled Syria last week, but has not spoken publicly and he does not appear to have joined the rebel side. Opposition leaders and Western officials said they hoped Fares' defection would now encourage others to leave, too.
Syria's unrest began with protests in March 2011, but has since evolved into an armed insurgency with scores of rebel groups across the country clashing with government troops and attacking their bases and convoys. Activists say more than 17,000 people have been killed.
The Syrian government blames the uprising on armed gangs backed by foreign powers to weaken the state. It says more than 4,000 members of the security forces have been killed.
In Paris, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari confirmed Fares' defection, saying he quit while outside of Iraq.
Fares condemned Assad's regime in a statement broadcast on the satellite channel Al-Jazeera.
"Where is the honor in killing your countrymen? Where is the national allegiance? The nation is all the people, not one person in particular," he said. "The allegiance is to the people, not to a dictator who kills his people."
It was unclear where Fares recorded the statement. His current whereabouts remain unknown.
Transitional government discussed
Kofi Annan, the joint special envoy of the United Nations and the Arab League for Syria, also said Wednesday that Assad has discussed the possibility of forming a transitional Syrian government. An international conference in Geneva last month proposed having a transitional framework.
Annan said the Syrian leader during recent talks in Damascus "did offer a name" of someone who could serve as an interlocutor for the regime as it explores ways of forming a transitional government with the opposition. Annan, the UN-Arab League envoy to Syria, told reporters in Geneva that he was now considering the person whom Assad proposed, but he did not identify who it is. He spoke Wednesday after a videoconference session with the UN Security Council in New York.
—The Associated Press
Appointed to the Baghdad post four years ago, Fares was the first Syrian ambassador to Iraq in 26 years. Like Tlass, he is a member of the privileged Sunni elite in a regime dominated by Assad's minority Alawite sect.
Also Thursday, Human Rights Watch said it had found evidence that the Syrian government had fired cluster bombs in an area near the central city of Hama
The New York-based group said the munitions are clearly identifiable in amateur videos posted online, and that local activists said the area has been under government bombardment for weeks.
Cluster bombs explode in the air and drop dozens of "bomblets" over a large area but often, these do not explode on impact. They remain explosive, however, increasing the threat of later injury to civilians.
Anti-regime activists reported government shelling of opposition areas throughout Syria Thursday, as well as clashes between rebels and regime forces.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least seven people died on the roads in the country's north when pro-regime gunmen targeted their cars. The group also said government shelling killed six people in what appeared to be a new offensive on the village of Treemseh, northwest of Hama.
Another group, the Local Coordination Committees, said at least 20 people were killed in the highway attacks and 7 died in Treemseh. Activist claims often have different figures and their reports cannot be independently verified.