A man involved in a domestic dispute opened fire at a suburban home near Houston, Texas Wednesday evening, killing six people, four of them children, and wounding one woman, authorities said.

The suspected gunman later surrendered to police after a three hour standoff in a nearby cul-de-sac.

The Harris County Sheriff's Office said in a written statement that precinct deputy constables were called to the house in Spring, a suburban area about 40 kilometres north of Houston, around 6 p.m. Wednesday and found two adults and three children dead. Another child later died after being airlifted to hospital.

"It appears this stems from a domestic issue with a breakup in the family from what our witness has told us," Assistant Chief Deputy Const. Mark Herman of the Harris County Precinct 4 Constable's Office told reporters.

Authorities did not release the victims' identities and did not say how they might be related to each other or the suspect.

The woman who survived identified the shooter and directed deputies to him.

Deputies were able to intercept, chase and corner the suspect in his vehicle in a cul-de-sac about 5 kilometres from the shooting scene, authorities said. Deputies were using armoured vehicles to block the suspect's car and negotiations with him continued for several hours.

Houston Suburban Shooting

Heavily armed police surrounded a male suspect at a cul-de-sac around five kilometres from the scene of the shooting. He would eventually surrender. (Brett Coomer/Houston Chronicle/AP)

Sheriff's Sgt. Thomas Gilliland described the man as in his 30s with a beard "and cool as a cucumber." He said that when he and other officers approached, the man was "just sitting in his car looking out at us."

Danna Stevens, 75, and her husband, Texas Stevens, live four doors down from the home where the shooting happened and weren't home at the time. Danna Stevens said she did not know her neighbours well but said they had moved into the subdivision a year ago and "done a beautiful job" redecorating their home.

"This is just not something you expect to happen in this kind of subdivision," she said.