A huge Southern California wildfire burned through coastal wilderness to the beach on Friday then stormed back through canyons toward inland neighbourhoods when winds reversed direction.
The wind shift forced fire commanders to order a new evacuation of homes in a Thousand Oaks neighbourhood along a stretch of road overlooking smoke-filled coastal canyons.
Fears arose after gusty Santa Ana winds from the northeast faded and ocean breezes from the southwest pushed inland.
The "worst-case weather scenario" sent flames ripping through fresh fuel just to the east of where the fire charred wildlands a day earlier, said Ventura County fire spokesman Bill Nash.
"In the perfect scenario we'd just hope for the wind to go away but what happened is the wind just turned around," Nash said.
The wind-whipped fire erupted Thursday in the Camarillo area, threatening as many as 4,000 homes but only damaging 15. No injuries were reported.
The fire, about 80 kilometres east of Los Angeles was only 10 per cent contained, and the work of more than 900 firefighters, aided by air tankers, was just beginning.
Evacuations had been lifted overnight for neighbourhoods as the fire moved toward the coast. California State University, Channel Islands remained closed, and new evacuations were called for scattered homes in coastal canyons, Nash said.
Those areas mainly included ranches, orchards, camps and vacation homes rather than dense neighbourhoods. Some expensive ridge-top and canyon homes also were in the path of the flames. Fire engine crews took up positions to defend the dwellings as helicopters made water drops.
The fire was roughly 30 kilometres west of Malibu, burning mostly in rugged mountains. Nash said it was not moving toward Malibu as of midafternoon.
Earlier, it jumped the Pacific Coast Highway at Point Mugu and burned on a beach shooting range of Naval Base Ventura County.
The base ordered an evacuation of a nearby housing area as a precautionary measure and urged personnel in other Point Mugu housing to voluntarily leave.
The fire reinforced predictions that California is in for a bad summer fire season because dry winter and spring weather has left brush tinder-dry.
In addition, the California Department of Water Resources found the water content in the snowpack was just 17 per cent of normal. The snowmelt is a vital water source for the state.
More than 3,000 firefighters were battling six major wildfires on Friday in California, the state fire agency said.
Fire crews have responded to more than 680 wildfires since the beginning of the year — some 200 more than average for the period.
Hot, dry Santa Ana winds gusting to 80 km/h or more swept flames from the Camarillo-area fire toward the coast on Thursday.
Cooler, calmer ocean air was beginning to move ashore on Friday and could send the humidity soaring — the beginning of change that could even bring a chance of rain in the fire area by Sunday night or Monday morning.
The change pushed relative humidity at Camarillo from just 3 per cent to 19 per cent in an hour. The temperature hit 35.5 C then fell into the mid 20s. Smoke that had been streaming offshore began stagnating over the fire.
The National Weather Service cancelled mountain wind advisories and predicted onshore winds of only 16 km/h to 24 km/h with some 30 km/h gusts.
That raised concerns of flare-ups along the path of the fire.
"The fire can jump up at any time and any place," Tom Kruschke, a Ventura County fire spokesman, said earlier. "There's that hot bed of coals out there covering thousands of acres."
Overnight, the fire roared down a canyon in Point Mugu State Park and through an evacuated campground, but firefighters managed to protect a nature centre and other buildings.
"We had 20-, 25-foot flames. They were having a devil of a time making a stand," said Craig Sap, a state parks supervisor for the district.
"We had a moment of calmness, maybe a wind shift, and they were able to get a line around it," he said. "I don't think a single picnic bench burned."
Elsewhere, a fire that destroyed a home burned for a third day in mountains north of Banning, about 135 kilometres east of Los Angeles. It was 65 per cent contained.