The Palestinians are threatening to cut off all communication with the Trump administration if it goes through with plans to shut the Palestine Liberation Organization office in Washington.

The Trump administration put the Palestinians on notice Friday that it will close their office in Washington unless they enter serious peace talks with Israel, U.S. officials said, potentially giving President Donald Trump more leverage as he seeks an elusive Mideast peace deal.

Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat says the U.S. administration's decision is — in his words — "very unfortunate and unacceptable."

Bowing to Netanyahu

He's accusing the U.S. of bowing to pressure from the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, just as he says the Palestinians are "trying to cooperate to achieve the ultimate deal."

Erekat says the Palestinians have conveyed their intention to cut off talks if the office is closed in a letter to the Trump administration. The threat comes as the U.S. is trying to broker an Israeli-Palestinian peace deal.

Netanyahu's office says the closure is a "matter of U.S. law."

'This measure should in no way be seen as a signal that the U.S. is backing off those efforts' to broker peace - State Department official

The Palestinian foreign minister denounced the U.S. move. Riad Malki told Palestine Radio that the Palestinian leadership "will not accept any extortion or pressure." 

Malki said the Palestinians were waiting for further communication from the U.S. government. "The ball is now in the American court," he said.

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has determined that the Palestinians ran afoul of an obscure provision in a U.S. law that says the Palestine Liberation Organization's mission must close if the Palestinians try to get the International Criminal Court to prosecute Israelis for crimes against Palestinians. A State Department official said that in September, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas crossed that line by calling on the ICC to investigate and prosecute Israelis.

On Friday, department officials had said the office could stay open if President Donald Trump determined that the Palestinians were in serious peace negotiations with Israel.

 But now, those same officials are saying the office must close regardless — at least for some time. It could reopen in the future, if the Palestinians are in talks with Israelis

It's unclear when the office will close. And it's not clear whether the Palestinians must evacuate or simply close the office to the public.

Even if the office closes, the U.S. said it wasn't cutting off relations with the Palestinians and was still focused on "a comprehensive peace agreement between the Israelis and the Palestinians." The State Department official said in an email that "this measure should in no way be seen as a signal that the U.S. is backing off those efforts."

Trump administration trying to broker peace talks

The officials aren't authorized to publicly discuss the developments and spoke on condition of anonymity.

The Israeli Embassy in Washington did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

Although the Israelis and Palestinians are not engaged in active, direct negotiations, Trump's administration has been working all year to broker a peace deal that would end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Led by Jared Kushner, Trump's son-in-law and a senior aide, White House officials have been preparing a peace proposal they intend to put forward at an unspecified time.

The Palestinians, though publicly supportive of the U.S. effort, have been skeptical because Trump's close ties to Israel suggest whatever deal he proposes might be unfavourable to them. The threat of losing their office in the U.S. capital could become another pressure point as the Trump administration seeks to persuade the Palestinians to come to the table.

The PLO is the group that formally represents all Palestinians. Although the U.S. does not recognize Palestinian statehood, the PLO maintains a "general delegation" office in Washington that facilitates Palestinian officials' interactions with the U.S. government.

Office opened in 1994

The United States allowed the PLO to open a mission in Washington in 1994, a move that required then-President Bill Clinton to waive a law that said the Palestinians couldn't have an office. In 2011, under the Obama administration, the United States started letting the Palestinians fly their flag over the office, an upgrade to the status of their mission that the Palestinians hailed as historic.

Israel opposes any Palestinian membership in United Nations-related organizations until a peace deal has been reached.

The Trump administration has not revealed any details about its effort to bring about a peace deal that would ostensibly grant the Palestinians an independent state in exchange for an end to its conflict with the Israelis. But Kushner and other top Trump aides have been shuttling to the region to meet with Palestinians, Israelis and officials from neighbouring Arab nations as it prepares to put forward a peace plan.

Palestinians Abbas Threat

Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas addresses the UN General Assembly on Sept. 20, 2017. Abbas said in his speech that the Palestinians had 'called on the International Criminal Court to open an investigation and to prosecute Israeli officials for their involvement in settlement activities and aggressions against our people.' (Seth Wenig/Associated Press)

The requirement that the PLO office be closed if the Palestinians back an International Criminal Court move came in a little-noticed provision in U.S. law that says the United States can't allow the Palestinians to have a Washington office if they try to "influence a determination by the ICC to initiate a judicially authorized investigation, or to actively support such an investigation, that subjects Israeli nationals to an investigation for alleged crimes against Palestinians."

Mahmoud Abbas, the Palestinian leader, said in his speech at the UN General Assembly in September that the Palestinians had "called on the International Criminal Court to open an investigation and to prosecute Israeli officials for their involvement in settlement activities and aggressions against our people."

The U.S. law says that if the government determines the Palestinians have breached that requirement, it triggers a 90-day review period in which the president must decide whether to let the office stay open anyway. The president is allowed to waive the requirement only if he certifies to Congress "that the Palestinians have entered into direct and meaningful negotiations with Israel."

The provision doesn't explicitly define what would constitute direct or meaningful negotiations.