An Egyptian appeals court ordered a retrial Thursday in the case of three Al-Jazeera English journalists held for over a year, including Egyptian-Canadian Mohamed Fahmy. 

The decision by Egypt's Court of Cassation came after a hearing that lasted less than half an hour. However, Fahmy, Australian journalist Peter Greste and Egyptian Baher Mohammed, who have been held since their arrest in December 2013, were not released on bail.

The three journalists did not attend the brief hearing that began around 9 a.m. local time in Cairo. Reporters gathered to report on the hearing were not allowed in for those arguments, but later entered the court.

Defence lawyers said they believed a retrial for the three men would be held within a month and that they hoped for speedy trial given a changing political climate between Egypt and Qatar — believed to be underpinning the whole case. The Al-Jazeera satellite news network is based in Qatar, a country which recently promised to ease tensions in the greater Middle East by dropping its support for Islamist groups throughout the region.

Defence lawyers expressed relief over the retrial, though family members of those imprisoned said they hoped for their loved ones' immediate release. Legal experts said releasing the men was outside the power of the Court of Cassation.

'Not as good as we hoped'

Fahmy's fiancée, Marwa Omara, is in Cairo and told CBC's Hannah Thibedeau in a phone interview that while a retrial was expected, "I had some hope that he might be released somehow, or that the judge could be more sympathetic with us.

"It is very ridiculous that he has been even now in prison," added Omara. "For us, the retrial scenario means a lengthy, lengthy process. It can take up to a year. This is not right. ... It is unfair for me, for his loved ones."

EGYPT-ALJAZEERA/TRIAL

An appeals court in Egypt has ordered a retrial in the case of three imprisoned Al-Jazeera English journalists, including Canadian-Egyptian Mohamed Fahmy. Lawyers for Fahmy and his colleague from Australia, Peter Greste, are applying for deportation. (Reuters)

Omara continued to be adamant that Fahmy is "an innocent man," and his health is suffering in prison.

"He should not be in prison for one day. He is suffering from hepatitis C, and he has a broken shoulder, and he is in pain and physically tortured by being in prison."

Omara also said that while a Canadian ambassador was in the courtroom for the retrial decision, more help is needed from Canadian authorities, including to support his request for deportation.

Lois Greste, Peter Greste's mother, said after the hearing that the verdict was "not as good as we hoped."

Adel Fahmy, Mohamed Fahmy's brother, also told CBC News he had hoped his brother would have been freed Thursday.

"We’re feeling terrible. We’re absolutely worn out," he said.

Despite the family's disappointment, Adel Fahmy said he appreciates the support from the Canadian government, including Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird.

"The support has been great on a consular level," he said. "I have to say it's been amazing." 

Baird has said Canada has been working hard behind the scenes to secure Fahmy's release.

Baird is set to travel to Egypt this month to push Fahmy's case.

He has said he has met twice with his Egyptian counterpart in the last month, most recently in Bahrain, where he brought up the journalist's imprisonment. Baird has said he also met with Egypt's ambassador to Canada last month to discuss Fahmy's possible release.

Mohamed Fahmy recently told CBC's the fifth estate in an exclusive interview that he is calling on Prime Minister Stephen Harper to personally ask Egypt's president to release him.

'Very good and optimistic decision'

Greste's lawyer, Amr El Deeb, hailed the ruling.

"This is a very good and optimistic decision. It will give them a second round of mitigation," El Deeb said. "Hopefully when we go to the retrial, we can defend the defendants and present adequate support to try to set them free."

Fahmy's lawyer, Negad al-Borai, said seven lawyers represented the three journalists and four other defendants who are Muslim Brotherhood members.

Egyptian authorities offered no immediate comment on the ruling. The prosecutor who spoke at the hearing was not the prosecutor who initially tried the case, but rather one attached to the appeals court.

Authorities accused Qatar-based Al-Jazeera of acting as a mouthpiece for the Brotherhood. The station has long denied the accusations and said the journalists were doing their job.

"Baher, Peter and Mohammed have been unjustly in jail for over a year now," Al-Jazeera said in a statement after the court's decision. "The Egyptian authorities have a simple choice: free these men quickly or continue to string this out, all the while continuing this injustice and harming the image of their own country in the eyes of the world."

No evidence

Fahmy and Greste were sentenced to seven years in prison at their initial trial, while Mohammed got 10 years — three more because he was found with a spent bullet casing. Rights groups dismissed the trial as a sham and foreign countries, including the U.S., expressed their concern over the journalists' detention.

At trial, prosecutors offered no evidence backing accusations the three falsified footage to foment unrest. Instead, they showed edited news reports by the journalists, including Islamist protests and interviews with politicians. Other footage submitted as evidence had nothing to do with the case, including a report on a veterinary hospital and Greste's past reports out of Africa.

Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi also has the power to pardon or deport the foreigners under a new law, whether or not the court grants the appeal. That would allow Greste to go home and would allow Fahmy to go to Canada if he drops his Egyptian nationality. Mohammed's case would remain more uncertain as he holds only Egyptian citizenship.

Fahmy moved to Canada with his family in 1991, living in Montreal and Vancouver for years before eventually moving abroad for work, which included covering stories for the New York Times and CNN.

With files from CBC News, Reuters