Special legal teams will defend Israeli soldiers against potential war crimes charges stemming from civilian deaths in the Gaza Strip, the prime minister said Sunday, promising the country would "fully back" those who fought in the three-week offensive.
The move reflected growing concerns by Israel that officers could be subject to international prosecution, despite the army's claims that Hamas militants caused the civilian casualties by staging attacks from residential areas.
"The state of Israel will fully back those who acted on its behalf," Prime Minister Ehud Olmert said. "The soldiers and commanders who were sent on missions in Gaza must know that they are safe from various tribunals."
Speaking at the weekly meeting of his cabinet, Olmert said Israel's justice minister would lead a team of senior officials to co-ordinate the legal defence of anyone involved in the offensive.
Israel said it launched its 22-day offensive to try to halt Hamas rocket fire on southern Israel. The assault killed 1,285 Palestinians, more than half of them civilians, according to the Palestinian Center for Human Rights.
Thirteen Israelis, including three civilians, were also killed during the fighting, Israel said.
Hamas proposes one-year truce
At talks Sunday in Cairo aimed at solidifying the truce, Hamas official Ayman Taha said the Islamic group offered a one-year truce to Israel, including the reopening of border crossings to allow vital supplies into Gaza. He said Israel offered an 18-month truce, which Hamas rejected. Israeli officials refused to comment.
A low-level delegation from Hamas's rival, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas's West Bank-based Fatah government, was also in Cairo for talks, but was not expected to meet with the Hamas envoys.
Israel and Hamas are bitter enemies and do not talk to each other, relying instead on Egyptian mediation.
In addition to the civilian death toll, Israel has faced international criticism for its use of white phosphorous artillery shells, and for attacks that struck United Nations schools and installations that were serving as shelters.
Israeli, Palestinian and international human rights groups have said they are seeking to build a case that Israel violated the laws of war. The groups are focusing on suspicions that Israel used disproportionate force and failed to protect civilians.
They also have criticized Hamas firing rockets at civilian targets in Israel and have said the group may have used civilians as human shields.
Israeli officials have said they took great efforts to avoid civilian casualties, and accused Hamas of deliberately using mosques, schools and residential neighborhoods for cover.
Olmert angrily accused the "international legal arena" of "moral acrobatics" by ignoring years of Palestinian rocket salvos aimed at Israeli civilians.
Israel bans publication of soldiers' names
"The state of Israel did everything in order to avoid hitting civilians. I do not know of any military that is more moral, fair and sensitive to civilians' lives," Olmert said.
In another precaution, Israel's military censor already has banned publication of the names or pictures of battlefield officers from the offensive.
Israeli leaders have faced similar concerns in the past. In 2001, Ariel Sharon was sued in Belgium over his alleged role in a 1982 massacre in Lebanon's Sabra and Shatila refugee camps. The prime minister was never convicted.
In 2005, a London court issued an arrest warrant for a retired Israeli general for his role in the bulldozing of houses in a Gaza refugee camp. The general ducked arrest by staying on his plane at London's Heathrow airport and flying back to Israel.
Another top official, cabinet minister Avi Dichter, turned down an invitation to Britain out of concern that he could be arrested for his role in the 2002 assassination of a senior Hamas militant in Gaza.
The Israeli offensive ended with a temporary ceasefire last week, and international mediators are trying to work out a longer-term arrangement.
Israel wants guarantees that Hamas will stop firing rockets and be prevented from smuggling weapons into Gaza from neighboring Egypt.
Israeli officials have said they are prepared to resume the offensive if rocket attacks resume. Israel also has demanded the release of an Israeli soldier held by Hamas for more than two years as part of a long-term truce.
Israeli cabinet minister Shaul Mofaz suggested that Israel would assassinate Hamas leaders if the soldier, Sgt. Gilad Schalit, is not released.
"I want to tell the leaders of Hamas, don't misunderstand us," Mofaz said. "Until Schalit goes free, none of you will be able to walk freely on the streets of Gaza." It was not clear whether Mofaz, a former armed forces chief, was voicing official policy or giving his personal opinion.
Hamas urges calm
After the comments, Palestinians fled from a dozen government buildings. Hamas officials called for calm, and midlevel officials were back on the job, distributing aid to victims whose homes were destroyed or damaged. Still, top Hamas leaders remained out of sight, as they have since Israel launched the offensive last month.
Arab mediators have been trying to get Hamas and Abbas's Fatah faction to reconcile as part of the cease-fire. The sides have been at odds since Hamas wrested control of Gaza from Fatah in June 2007.
Complicating the efforts, a top Hamas official said Abbas's government must end its peace talks and security co-ordination with Israel if it wants to reconcile.
The leader, Osama Hamdan, also vowed that Hamas will continue to bring arms into the Gaza Strip. Hamdan is Hamas's representative in Lebanon and is close to the group's supreme leader in Syria, Khaled Mashaal.
Saeb Erekat, an aide to Abbas, said reconciliation talks should resume without conditions. "The important thing is to finish the division and have a government of national unity to carry on the reconstruction of Gaza," he said.