Members of a minority Iraqi Shia community whose town has been besieged by Sunni militants appealed to Iraq's military and the international community to intervene to end the siege, a lawmaker said Wednesday as the UN started a massive aid push to help Iraqis uprooted by the extremists.
The siege of the northern town of Amrili, populated by Shia Turkmens, is part of a wide onslaught by militants from the al-Qaeda-breakaway group Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and their Sunni allies who have seized large swaths of western and northern Iraq this summer.
The group has since declared a self-styled caliphate in territory it controls in Iraq and neighbouring Syria, imposing its own harsh interpretation of Islamic law.
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In Iraq, however, the militants' rampage suffered a major setback this week when Iraqi and Kurdish troops backed by U.S. airstrikes dislodged the Islamic fighters from a strategic dam near Mosul, Iraq's second-largest city overrun by ISIS in June.
Lawmaker Fawzi Akram al-Tarzi, a Turkmen, said that nearly 15,000 Shia Turkmens in Amirli, about 170 kilometres north of Baghdad, have been besieged for the past two months by militants affiliated with ISIS.
The siege has left the residents in a dire situation, although the army airdropped some weapons, food and medical supplies recently. The town has no water or electricity, yet the residents are putting up a fierce resistance, al-Tarzi added.
"Amirli is besieged from all sides and calls for help are falling on deaf ears," he said, urging U.S. to consider airstrikes on militant targets around the town.
Resident Jaafar Kadhim al-Bayati, a 41-year-old father of three, told The Associated Press over the phone that children in Amirli are getting sick and that the town needs more help.
"We are starving, we ran out of food and the only clinic is not functioning now due to lack of medicines," he said. He added that a pregnant woman died while in labour this week, she was brought to the clinic but there was no one to help her there.
Like other religious minorities in Iraq such as the Christians and the Yazidis, the Turkmen community has also been targeted by ISIS, which considers them to be apostates. Thousands of Turkmens have been uprooted from their homes since ISIS took Mosul, the northern city of Tikrit and a spate of towns and villages in the area.
Italy will arm Kurdish forces
Meanwhile, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi held talks with outgoing Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and the premier-designate, Haider al-Abadi, during a one-day visit to Baghdad. Al-Abadi has until Sept. 11 to submit a list of cabinet members to parliament for approval.
In Rome, Defence Minister Roberta Pinotti said that Italy intends to supply light, portable arms for the Iraqi Kurdish forces battling ISIS. She said there would be checks in place in Iraq "to control that the arms get where they are supposed to go."
The ISIS blitz has forced some 1.5 million people to flee their homes since June while thousands more have died, prompting the UN to declare its highest level of emergency last week.
On Wednesday, the UN refugee agency launched a massive air, road and sea 10-day operation to help the displaced, including a four-day airlift with Boeing 747 planes that will bring in aid from Aqaba, Jordan, to Iraq's northern Kurdish region. The first flight landed on Wednesday afternoon in the Iraqi Kurdish regional capital of Irbil, carrying 100 tonnes of emergency aid, the UNHCR said.
"Conditions remain desperate for those without access to suitable shelter, people struggling to find food and water to feed their families, and those without access to primary medical care," said Adrian Edwards, a spokesman for UNHCR.
"Many are still coming to grips with the tragedy they've been through in recent weeks — fleeing homes with nothing, and many trying to cope with the loss of loved ones," he said.
On Tuesday, Iraqi troops clashed with militants near Tikrit, former dictator Saddam Hussein's hometown. The Iraqi military launched an operation in late June to try to wrest back control of Tikrit, but that quickly stalled after making little headway.
The gains made by the militants have brought U.S. forces back into the conflict for the first time since American troops withdrew from Iraq in 2011. America's renewed involvement on the battlefield was a reflection of the growing international concern over the Sunni extremists' blitz. Washington began carrying out dozens of airstrikes in Iraq on Aug. 8.
But in a horrifying act of revenge for the U.S. airstrikes, ISIS released a grisly video on Tuesday showing the beheading of American journalist James Foley who went missing in Syria in November 2012. The militants have also threatened to kill another hostage, U.S. officials said.