Rival Palestinian factions Hamas and Fatah reached a deal for political reconciliation on Thursday after Hamas agreed to hand over administrative control of the Gaza enclave the group has controlled for more than a decade.

Hamas chief Ismail Haniyeh announced the Egyptian-brokered accord in a statement without providing many details about a deal expected to cover administrative, security and border crossing arrangements in the Gaza Strip.

The Western-backed mainstream Fatah party lost control of Gaza to Hamas, which is designated as a terrorist group by the West and Israel, in a brief civil war in 2007. But last month, Hamas agreed to cede powers in Gaza to President Mahmoud Abbas's Fatah-backed government.

A Hamas official told Reuters that details were expected to be released at a news conference at noon local time in Cairo, where unity talks between the rival factions began on Tuesday.

"The president welcomes the agreement reached in Cairo between the delegations of Fatah and Hamas and instructed Fatah's delegation to immediately sign the agreement," an official at the office of Abbas told Reuters.

Egypt has helped mediate several attempts to reconcile the two movements and form a power-sharing unity government in Gaza and the West Bank, where Abbas and the Fatah-led Palestinian Authority (PA) are based. Hamas and Fatah agreed in 2014 to form a national reconciliation government, but despite that deal, Hamas's shadow government continued to rule Gaza.

"We congratulate our Palestinian people on the reconciliation agreement reached in Cairo. We make every effort possible to implement it to start a new chapter in the history of our people," Hamas spokesperson Hazem Qassem told Reuters.

Hamas agreed to hand administrative powers in Gaza to a Fatah-backed government last month. The move was a major reversal for Hamas, prompted partly by the group's fears of potential financial and political isolation after its main donor Qatar fell into a major diplomatic dispute with key allies.

Analysts said the deal is more likely to stick than earlier ones, given Hamas's growing isolation and realization of how hard Gaza, its economy hobbled by border blockades and infrastructure shattered by wars with Israel, was to govern and rebuild.

Deeper Egyptian involvement, believed to have been backed by Saudi Arabia and other Arab states, also helped cement the deal. 

"We in Hamas are determined and are serious this time, and just like all other times... We have dissolved the administrative committee [shadow government]... We have opened the door to reaching this reconciliation," Saleh Arouri, head of Hamas negotiators in Cairo, said after the signing ceremony.

Border security agreement

Delegations from the two rivals have been in talks in Cairo this week to work out the details of the administrative handover, including security in Gaza and at border crossings.

Both sides agreed that the Rafah crossing point, Gaza's only border crossing with Egypt and once the gateway to the world for the impoverished coastal territory's 2 million people, will be operated by a unity government operated by the presidential guard of President Mahmoud Abbas.

Fatah says there should be supervision from the European Union border agency, known as EUBAM, instead of the currently deployed Hamas-linked employees.

"EUBAM Rafah maintains readiness to redeploy to the Rafah crossing point when the security and political situations will allow," said Mohammad Al-Saadi, press officer for the EU Co-ordinating Office for Palestinian Police Support.

Any decision on EUBAM deployment would be taken in conjunction with the Palestinian Authority and Israel's government, he said in a statement.

Under the Cairo-backed unity deal, 3,000 Fatah security officers will also join the Gaza police force. But Hamas would remain the most powerful armed Palestinian faction — an estimated 25,000 well-equipped fighters have fought three wars with Israel since 2008.

Both rivals hope the deal's proposed deployment of security personnel from the PA to Gaza's borders will encourage Egypt and Israel to lift tight restrictions at frontier crossings — a step urgently needed to help Gaza revive its economy.

Another major issue of the discussion is the fate of 40,000 to 50,000 public employees Hamas has hired in Gaza since 2007, a thorny point that crashed a previous unity deal signed in 2014.

Under the deal, these employees would receive 50 per cent of what their PA salary would be — or equivalent to what they are being paid now by Hamas — pending vetting of their professional qualifications.

Hamas and Fatah were also discussing a potential date for presidential and legislative elections and reforms of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), which is in charge of long-stalled peace efforts with Israel.

The last Palestinian legislative election was in 2006 when Hamas scored a surprise victory. This sparked the political rupture between Hamas and Fatah which eventually led to their short civil war in Gaza.