New Jersey Governor Chris Christie, a possible Republican presidential candidate, was easily re-elected in one of the key races in the United States' off-year elections Tuesday. Republicans narrowly lost the governor's seat in Virginia, while New Yorkers elected a liberal Democrat to succeed billionaire Michael Bloomberg as mayor.
The sweeping victory in a Democratic-leaning state demonstrated Christie's broad, bipartisan appeal and could boost his candidacy should he seek the presidential nomination in 2016.
The off-year vote will be scrutinized for clues to the mood of Americans ahead of next year's congressional elections — especially with a pragmatic conservative Republican, Christie, prevailing in New Jersey, while a more ideological one, Ken Cuccinelli, lost in Virginia.
But the answers could be murky. Both races were shaped by the personalities and issues in those states and it could be hard to judge if there are national implications. And the Virginia race, won by Democratic businessman Terry McAuliffe, turned out much tighter than polls had anticipated.
New Yorkers elected Bill de Blasio, head of the city's public watchdog agency, to replace Bloomberg, the Republican-turned-independent who has been the city's mayor for 12 years. Though New York is overwhelmingly Democratic, it hasn't had a Democratic mayor in 20 years, after Bloomberg's three terms and two by his Republican predecessor, Rudolph Giuliani.
De Blasio's overwhelming victory over Republican Joe Lhota, a onetime Giuliani deputy, is seen as reflecting unease with the inequality of wealth among city residents, even as New York prospered over the past two decades. With nearly 30 per cent of precincts reporting, De Blasio was outpolling Lhota by a 73 per cent to 24 per cent margin.
'Have chosen a progressive path'
In his victory speech, De Blasio, who ran on a tax-the-rich platform that contrasted sharply with Bloomberg's record, declared that New Yorkers "have chosen a progressive path" and were united in the belief that "our city shall leave no New Yorker behind."
In Washington state, voters were deciding whether to require the labeling of genetically modified food. And in Colorado, they were considering whether to tax marijuana at 25 per cent and dedicate the proceeds to regulating the newly legalized drug and building schools.
Turnout was relatively light given that it was not a presidential or congressional election year, and voters were primarily hard-core partisans.
In New Jersey, with more than 90 per cent of precincts reporting, Christie had 60 percent of the vote to 39 percent for Democrat Barbara Buono, a state senator. He is the first Republican in a quarter-century to receive more than 50 percent of the vote in New Jersey, a state that voted overwhelmingly for President Barack Obama last year.
"Thank you, New Jersey, for making me the luckiest guy in the world," Christie said in a victory speech in the shore town of Asbury Park.
Christie drew on support from Democrats, independents and minorities in his win. That could position him to argue that his emphasis on pragmatism over ideology makes him the most electable Republican in what could be a crowded 2016 presidential primary field.
But it's not clear if Republican primary voters, who tend to be more conservative and ideological than the general electorate, will warm to the brash governor of a northeastern state. Republicans were fuming when, in the final days of last year's presidential campaign, Christie lavished praise on Obama for his response to a devastating storm that struck New Jersey.
In Virginia, McAuliffe, a former top Democratic Party official and close friend of Bill and Hillary Clinton, defeated Cuccinelli, the state attorney general. With 99 percent of precincts reporting, McAuliffe had 48 per cent of the vote to 46 per cent for Cuccinelli, with Libertarian Robert Sarvis receiving most of the remaining votes.
Cuccinelli's candidacy was hurt by his ties to the small-government tea party movement, which is widely blamed for instigating last month's federal government shutdown. A large number of federal employees live in northern Virginia, next to Washington, D.C., where McAuliffe received large majorities that finally put him over the top.
Preliminary results of an exit poll conducted for The Associated Press and the television networks found that about a third of Virginia voters said they were personally impacted by the shutdown, and nearly half said Republicans deserved the blame for it.
Cuccinelli also had to deal with a scandal involving the incumbent Republican governor, Bob McDonnell, who was barred by law from seeking re-election; a strong campaign by the candidate for the Libertarian Party, which favors a minimal role for government; and the tremendous fundraising prowess of his Democratic rival.
Cuccinelli had hoped to score points in the final weeks of the campaign by highlighting the bungled start to Obama's signature health care overhaul. He emphasized that he was the first state attorney general to file a lawsuit to overturn the health law. McAuliffe had pledged to use the law to make more people eligible for Medicaid, the federal health program for the poor.
Among other races, former health care executive Mike Duggan was elected mayor of Detroit, now undergoing the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history, and Boston, where Mayor Thomas Menino wasn't seeking re-election after more than two decades in office. Martin Walsh, a Democratic state representative, was elected to succeed Menino