U.S. President George W. Bush is calling on Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf to hold elections and relinquish his army post following the arrest of hundreds of peopleunder the state of emergencycrackdown.

"We expect there to be elections as soon as possible and that the president should remove his military uniform," Bushsaidin the Oval Office of the White House after a meeting with Turkey's visiting Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

"Our hope is that he will restore democracy as quickly as possible," Bush said.

But Bushwould not say what the ramifications would be if Musharraf didn't heed the president's words.

"It's a hypothetical," he said. "I certainly hope he does take my advice."

But Bush, who considers Pakistan a key ally in Washington's war on terror, praised Musharraffor beinga strong fighter against extremists and radicals.

"All we can do is continue to work with the president … to make abundantly clear the position of the United States," he said.

Bush's comments come as opposition groups in Pakistanclaim up to 3,500 people have been arrested under the state of emergencycrackdown imposedby Musharraf.


Police officers arrest a lawyer who was protesting Monday in Peshawar, Pakistan, against President Gen. Pervez Musharraf's declaration of a state of emergency. ((Mohammad Zubair/Associated Press) )

The government disputed the figure Monday, but acknowledged that up to 1,800 people have been detained.

The U.S. government urged Musharraf to releasethose arrestedand return to a constitutional path.

White House spokeswoman Dana Perino said Monday the U.S. government was "deeply disturbed" by Musharraf's imposition of emergency rule on Saturday, Reuters reported.

"We believe that the best path for Pakistan is to quickly return to a constitutional path and then to hold elections," U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said earlier in the day.

Rice also urged Musharrafto followthrough withpast promises to "take off his uniform."

A spokesman for former prime minister Nawaz Sharif's party said Monday that authorities had rounded up around 2,300 of its supporters, the Associated Press reported. Other opposition parties, human rights groups and lawyers said another 1,200 people had also been arrested.

Musharraf, who took power in a 1999 coup and is also the head of the country's army, suspended the constitution Saturday ahead of a Supreme Court ruling on whether his re-election in October was legal.

Election to go ahead as planned

Over the weekend, Musharraf ousted the country's top judge, deployed troops to fight what he calls Islamic extremism and imposed a number of other restrictions, such as stripping media freedoms.

In response to the emergency rule, Washington said it is reviewing billions of dollars in aid to Pakistan, which has received about $11 billion from the U.S. since 2001, when it became a close ally in the so-called War on Terror.

President George W. Bush's top national security aides, however, said financial backing for counterterrorism efforts will likely continue uninterrupted.

Under mounting pressure from Western countries, the Pakistan government announced Monday a general election will be held by mid-January as planned.

Over the weekend, the government had said the elections could be delayed up to a year.

"It has been decided there would be no delay in the election," Attorney General Malik Abdul Qayyum said, according to Reuters.

By Nov. 15, he said, the national and provincial assemblies will be dissolved andan election will be heldwithin the next 60 days.

Police crack down on protests

On Monday, police officers using tear gas and batons dispersed protesters gatheredat courts in several cities, including Karachi, Lahore and Rawalpindi, in what was the first show of defiance since Musharraf proclaimed emergency rule.

At the largest demonstration, about 2,000 lawyers at High Court in the eastern city of Lahore staged a rally despite police warnings not to violate a ban on demonstrations.

Hundreds of officers stormed inside to try to disperse the crowd with tear gas and batons. Lawyers threw rocks and beat police with tree branches while shouting anti-Musharraf slogans.

Several protesters were reportedly injured.

Aftab Cheema, the city police chief, said the lawyers initiated the trouble by throwing rocks. "It forced us to take action against them," he said.

Police action condemned

Butprotesters condemned the police action against what they described as a peaceful protest.

"This police brutality against peaceful lawyers shows how the government of a dictator wants to silence those who are against dictatorship," said Sarfraz Cheema, a senior lawyer at the rally. "We don't accept the proclamation of emergency."

Critics questioned why Musharraf was arresting protesters rather than focusing on curbing extremism.

"The only people so far he has arrested… are human rights activists and mainstream politicians," said Frederic Grare of the think-tank,Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

He said the emergency rule is "certainly not to crack down on Islamists,"but rather because the Supreme Court was about to declare his election as president invalid.

With files from the Associated Press