The Arab League is calling for the United Nations and the international community to take steps against Syria over its recent alleged gas attack.
Arab foreign ministers arrived in Cairo on Sunday for an urgent Arab League meeting to discuss the Syrian crisis and the potential military strike on the country.
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A final resolution was passed Sunday urging the UN and international community to "take the deterrent and necessary measures against the culprits of this crime that the Syrian regime bears responsibility for."
The League's foreign ministers also said those responsible for the attack should face trial, as other "war criminals" have.
"Firstly, greatly condemning this horrific crime that has been committed by the use of chemical weapons, which are globally forbidden," Arab League senior official Nassif Hitti said is describing the organization's stance.
"Secondly, putting full responsibility of such horrendous attacks on the Syrian regime, and demanding the punishment and prosecution of all those involved in such a crime at international tribunals, to be tried similarly to those convicted of war crimes."
Earlier on Sunday, Saudi Arabian Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal said it was time for the world to do everything it could to prevent aggression against the Syrian people, and that it would back a U.S. strike on Syria if the Syrian people did.
Dissent among Arab countries
Despite a strong call to action by the League, some Arab countries such as Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Tunisia and Algeria remained opposed to the final decision to call for foreign military action.
The League meeting came as the United States prepares strikes against the Syrian government, blaming it for a chemical gas attack that killed hundreds of civilians.
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said on Sunday that Syria was capable of confronting any external attack after U.S. President Barack Obama said there should be a military strike.
On Saturday, Obama formally asked Congress for approval for a military strike against Syria. Obama will seek lawmakers' consent before giving the order to strike against Assad.
The move makes an anticipated strike not within days as was widely expected, but in mid-September at the earliest. The U.S. has blamed Assad's forces for killing some 1,400 Syrian civilians in last month's chemical weapons attack.
Syrian state paper calls Obama's move a 'retreat'
A Syrian state-run newspaper called Obama's decision to seek congressional approval before taking military action against Syria "the start of the historic American retreat."
"Whether the Congress lights the red or green light for an aggression, and whether the prospects of war have been enhanced or faded, President Obama has announced yesterday, by prevaricating or hinting, the start of the historic American retreat," the Al-Thawra daily said.
The paper also said Obama's reluctance to take military action stems from his "sense of implicit defeat and the disappearance of his allies."
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry asserted Sunday that the United States now has evidence of sarin gas use in Syria and said "the case gets stronger by the day" for a military attack.
A day after Obama stepped back from his threat, Kerry said in a series of interviews in the media on Sunday that the administration learned of the sarin use within the past 24 hours through samples of hair and blood provided to Washington by first responders in Damascus.
Kerry also said he was confident that Congress will give Obama its backing for an attack against Syria, but he also said the president has authority to act on his own if Congress doesn't give its approval.
Assad said on Sunday that Syria was capable of confronting any external aggression and that threats of a U.S. strike would not discourage the country from a fight against what it described as "terrorism."
"The American threats of launching an attack against Syria will not discourage Syria away from its principles ... or its fight against terrorism supported by some regional and Western countries, first and foremost the United States of America," Assad said in his first comments since Obama's speech.
Reaction to Obama's stance
CBC's Nahlah Ayed is in Lebanon, where today she was taking the pulse of the region following U.S. President Barack Obama's speech the day before.
In many of the headlines — and for many people in the region — the immediate takeaway from Obama's speech yesterday was his decision to hold off on military action until Congress debates it. Some interpreted it as a comedown, others as an acknowledgment on his part of the dangers that such a strike poses to the stability of the region.
However, there also seemed to be some confusion over Obama's simultaneous announcement that a military strike was the right course of action for punishing Syria. So it was another frustrating day for anyone trying to find clear answers on U.S. intentions. Perhaps the most disappointed were the rebel fighters, who had hoped to ride the possible momentum of a U.S. strike and try to make gains against the Assad regime.
Syria generally refers to rebels fighting to topple Assad as "terrorists."
Syrian deputy foreign minister Faisal Mekdad said on Sunday that Obama's speech showed hesitation and confusion.
"It is clear there was a sense of hesitation and disappointment in what was said by President Barack Obama yesterday. And it is also clear there was a sense of confusion as well," he told reporters in Damascus.
While Kerry stopped short of saying Obama was committed to such a course even if lawmakers refuse to authorize force, he did tell ABC's This Week that "we are not going to lose this vote."
Congress is scheduled to return from a summer break on Sept. 9.
Kerry maintained there is no weakness in the U.S. case underscoring Obama's about-face, saying instead that "the president believes that we are all stronger as a nation when we act together."
Obama opposed by advisers
Administration officials have said that Obama appeared set on ordering a strike until Friday evening. After a long walk around the White House grounds with chief of staff Denis McDonough, the president told his aide he had changed his mind.
The officials said Saturday that Obama initially drew pushback in a two-hour session attended by Vice-President Joe Biden, Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel, Director of National Intelligence James Klapper, CIA Director John Brennan, national security adviser Susan Rice and homeland security adviser Lisa Monaco. They declined to say which of the participants had argued against Obama's proposal.
The UN weapons inspection team left Syria on Saturday and arrived in The Hague, Netherlands. There is no specific timeline for when their analysis will be completed.
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has said the Security Council should stand "firm and united" on any action against use of chemical weapons.