American anti-whaling activists must keep 457 metres away from Japanese whaling ships off Antarctica, a U.S. appeals court has ruled.
The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals issued an injunction against the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, which sends vessels every December to disrupt whale killings by Japan's Institute of Cetacean Research.
The whalers sued Sea Shepherd last year to prevent the protesters from interfering, but the judge refused to grant the request. The whalers appealed, and a three-judge panel of the 9th Circuit late Monday ordered Sea Shepherd not to attack or approach any of the Japanese vessels until it can rule.
Japan's whaling fleet kills up to 1,000 whales a year, as allowed by the International Whaling Commission. Japan is permitted to hunt the animals as long as they are killed for research and not commercial purposes.
But whale meat not used for study is sold as food in Japan, and critics say that's the real reason for the hunts.
Sea Shepherd activists use stink bombs, lasers and other nonlethal means to interfere with the whalers. The group argues that its activities are supported by international law and that U.S. courts don't have jurisdiction in the waters off Antarctica where the hunt occurs.
In a news release, the group's president, Paul Watson, said it is evaluating the court's order.
"I can tell you with complete certainty, however, that Sea Shepherd remains committed to upholding the integrity of the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary and ensuring the whalers go home with zero whales killed," he said.
The organization's vessels have not yet reached the whaling waters, a spokeswoman said Tuesday.