London police are now confirming that at least 38 people were killed and 700 injured in a series of explosions that ripped through the city's transit system within minutes Thursday morning.
The number of dead is expected to rise.
- INDEPTH: Blasts in London
Scores of people suffered serious or critical injuries such as burns, severed limbs, chest and head injuries from the three explosions that rocked the subway network.
Police said at least two people died from a fourth explosion on a packed double-decker bus.
Hospitals in the British capital set up emergency treatment areas for the injured people, many who were covered in soot and blood.
British Prime Minister Tony Blair said it's "reasonably clear" the "barbaric" attacks were the work of terrorists and were aimed to coincide with the opening of the Group of Eight summit in Scotland.
He vowed to launch intense security action in response to the attacks, the worst on London since the Second World War.
Blair blames terrorists for 'barbaric' attacks
"The purpose of terrorism is just that. It is to terrorize people. And we will not be terrorized," Blair said.
"They are trying to use the slaughter of innocent people to cow us," he said. "They should know they will not succeed," he said.
British Home Secretary Charles Clarke has confirmed four blasts took place:
- Between Aldgate East and Liverpool Street subway stations. (7 dead)
- Between Russell Square and King's Cross subway stations. (21 dead)
- At Edgware Road subway station. (7 dead)
- On a bus at Woburn Place near Tavistock Square. (2 dead)
Another person died later in hospital.
There were varying reports about the number of deaths in the blasts.
French Interior Minister Nicolas Sarkozy, quoting British Home Secretary Charles Clarke, said 50 people died and 300 were wounded in the bomb attacks.
The Associated Press reported that three U.S. law enforcement officials said at least 40 people were killed in the blasts. But British authorities are only confirming 38 dead.
Earlier reports said there were as many as seven explosions, but authorities say that may have been because people streamed out of a number of different subway stations.
First reports from subway stations
The first reports of subway blasts came at 8:49 a.m. local time, sending fire trucks and ambulances to the scenes.
About an hour later, at 9:47 a.m., the roof of a double-decker bus was blown off and its sides peeled back near Tavistock Square in central London.
Loyita Worley was on a subway train going between Liverpool Street and Aldgate stations when an explosion rocked the next car.
"We heard banging from the next carriage, people shouting for help," she told CBC Newsworld.
"They called for medical assistance and various people went up â nurses, doctors and so on."
Transit blasts called work of 'evil', 'mass murder'
Later, she said, "they brought all the walking wounded through," including people blackened by smoke and commuters with some or all of their clothes torn off by the force of the blast.
Making her way out of the train and along the tracks to the nearest station, she said she saw at least one body and many injured people.
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Worley said she is still stunned by what happened, though she was used to anti-terrorism drills from 30 years of working in a city under the constant threat of Irish Republican Army attacks.
"I was just so pleased it wasn't me," she said. "I was just thanking my lucky stars, thanking God that I was OK."
A man on a subway car said the situation was terrifying.
"There were flashes of light, people were screaming and smoke began to billow into the carriage," said lawyer Angelo Power. "We were trapped like sardines waiting to die."
No information on bombs
Officials initially blamed a power surge for the subway blasts, but that changed after police found evidence of explosive material at two explosion sites.
Police say it's too early to tell whether the explosions were caused by suicide bombers or bombs left in the stations and bus. They also couldn't provide any information on what type of explosives were used, but said that they were "deliberately designed to kill and injure innocent members of the public."
There have been no confirmed claims of responsibility, but police said they are investigating a claim of responsibility from a group calling itself "The Secret Organization of al-Qaida in Europe." The group said the blasts were in retaliation for Britain's involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan.
"We don't know if it's a genuine claim or not," said a police spokesperson.
Foreign Affairs has set up a hotline for Canadians with strong reasons to believe their Canadian relatives might have been travelling on London transit. They should have on hand the missing person's full name, date of birth and passport number before calling the toll-free hotline at 1-800-606-5499.
As many as three million people use the London Underground each day. It's the world's oldest subway system and one of the largest in the world.