The six astronauts at the International Space Station got an early Easter treat this weekend with the arrival of a supply ship full of fresh food and experiments.
- Space Station cargo launch successful; supplies include robotic gripper
- Soyuz capsule carrying U.S., Russian crew arrives at ISS
- Scott Kelly, Mikhail Kornienko back on Earth after a year in space
Instead of the usual bunny, Saturday's delivery came via a swan — Orbital ATK's Cygnus capsule, named after the swan constellation. The cargo carrier rocketed away from Cape Canaveral on Tuesday night.
NASA astronaut Timothy Kopra used the station's big robot arm to grab the capsule, as the two craft soared 400 kilometres above the Indian Ocean. "Excellent work, gentlemen," Mission Control radioed. Four hours later, the capsule was bolted firmly to the complex.
It's the first of three shipments coming up in quick succession. A Russian cargo ship will lift off Thursday, followed by a SpaceX supply run on April 8. NASA has turned to private industry to keep the space station stocked.
The newly arrived Cygnus holds about 7,500 pounds (3.4 tonnes) of groceries, equipment and research. Among the newfangled science: a camera to study meteor showers hitting Earth; robotic grippers modelled after geckos' feet and the ingredients for a large-scale, controlled fire. A commercial-quality 3D printer is packed inside as well; anyone will be able to order prints, for a price, from the Made In Space company. Virginia-based Orbital ATK hints Easter eggs may also be on board.
Load of trash will burn in May
The blaze — confined to a box inside the Cygnus — won't be set until the capsule departs in May with a load of trash. NASA researchers want to see how fast the cotton-fibreglass fabric burns, in hopes of improving future spacecraft safety. Following the experiment, the capsule will burn up, for real, during re-entry.
As it turns out, the Cygnus had an out-of-the-ordinary ride to orbit. The first-stage booster of the normally reliable unmanned Atlas V rocket stopped firing six seconds early, and the upper stage had to compensate by burning a minute longer, to get the capsule in the right orbit. Rocket maker United Launch Alliance has delayed its next launch, a military satellite mission, to figure out what went wrong.
The commander of the doomed space shuttle Columbia, meanwhile, is being honoured with this latest delivery. Orbital ATK named this Cygnus after Rick Husband, who piloted the first shuttle docking at the space station in 1999. He died aboard Columbia during re-entry in 2003, along with six other astronauts. Kopra called him a "personal hero" and said he was honoured to welcome the "S.S. Rick Husband" aboard.