Space shuttle Enterprise lands in New York museum

NASA's first space shuttle, the Enterprise, went on display Thursday in the new Space Shuttle Pavillion of New York's Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum.

NASA's 1st shuttle has pride of place in new pavillion at Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum

The space shuttle Enterprise is lifted onto the deck of the Intrepid Sea, Air and Space Museum, which is housed inside the retired USS Intrepid aircraft carrier in New York, on June 6. NASA's first shuttle went on display ta the museum on Thursday. (Mike Segar/Reuters)

The last time some New Yorkers saw the space shuttle Enterprise, it was zipping around the city, riding piggyback on top of a modified jumbo jet past the Statue of Liberty and other local landmarks.

Others got to lay eyes on it as it sailed up the Hudson River on a barge.

Now, following its April and June sojourns, the piece of NASA history is on the move no more.

The Enterprise, a 68,000-kilogram mammoth of a flying machine, went on public display Thursday at the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum's new Space Shuttle Pavilion.

Encased in the centre of an accommodating inflatable dome, the shuttle will be available for visitors to admire up close.

At 17 metres wide and 42 metres long — with a 24-metre wingspan to boot — the Enterprise is an imposing figure with quite a presence in its new home.

Never saw space

The space shuttle, which was completed in 1976, was NASA's first. Though it never actually flew a mission into outer space, it performed critical tests around the Earth's atmosphere and is widely credited with paving the way for five future shuttles.

Of the six shuttles NASA built, only four remain. The other two were destroyed during their missions in shuttle disasters that killed their crews: The Challenger exploded in 1986, and the Columbia disintegrated in 2003.

Media get a sneak peek at the Enterprise in its new home inside the museum's Space Shuttle Pavilion on July 18. (Shannon Stapleton /Reuters)

U.S. President Richard Nixon first announced NASA's intention to construct the Enterprise in 1972 amid heightened tensions during the Cold War. With U.S. officials fearing the Soviet Union would dominate the novel realm of space travel, the Enterprise was designed to be a reusable spacecraft that could also land safely — allowing NASA to conduct launches more frequently and with greater efficiency.

Previous spacecrafts could neither land nor be reused for future missions.

When tests including the Enterprise began in 1977, the shuttle would sit atop a 747 carrier aircraft that helped get it off the ground. Once it reached an altitude tens of thousands of metres in the sky, the Enterprise would separate from the flight, and two pilots would glide the shuttle for several minutes before making a smooth landing. This was thanks in part to an aerodynamically designed tail cone.

Fred Haise, an Apollo 13 astronaut who piloted the Enterprise on five flights, said flying the shuttle was "nearly perfect."

"It's something exciting, especially when you put five years of development into getting it ready," said Haise, 78.

Of the moment right after his first takeoff in the Enterprise, Haise said: "I was immediately happy and grateful."