Apollo 11 crew members, from left, Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins, Neil Armstrong and former NASA Johnson Space Center director Chris Kraft, gather at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington on Sunday. ((Bill Ingalls/NASA/Associated Press))

The astronauts who first landed on the moon aren't dwelling on their small lunar steps. Instead, two of them on Sunday urged mankind to take a giant leap to Mars.

In one of their few joint public appearances, the crew of Apollo 11 spoke on the eve of the 40th anniversary of man's first landing on the moon, but didn't get soggy with nostalgia. They instead spoke about the future and the more distant past.

On Monday, the three astronauts will get another chance to pitch a Mars trip, this time to someone with a little more sway: U.S. President Barack Obama.

Sunday night, a packed crowd at the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum — 7,000 people applied in a lottery for 485 seats — didn't get the intimate details of the Eagle's landing on the moon with little fuel left, or what the moon looked like, or what it felt like to be there.


Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin plant the U.S. flag on the lunar surface on July 20, 1969. ((NASA/Associated Press))

They got second man on the moon Buzz Aldrin's pitch for Mars.

Aldrin said the best way to honour the Apollo astronauts "is to follow in our footsteps; to boldly go again on a new mission of exploration."

First man on the moon Neil Armstrong only discussed Apollo 11 for about 11 seconds. He gave a professorial lecture titled "Goddard, governance and geophysics," looking at the inventions and discoveries that led to his historic "small step for a man" on July 20, 1969.

Apollo 11 command module pilot Michael Collins, who circled the moon alone while Armstrong and Aldrin walked on it, said the moon was not interesting, but Mars is.

"Sometimes I think I flew to the wrong place. Mars was always my favourite as a kid and it still is today," Collins said. "I'd like to see Mars become the focus, just as John F. Kennedy focused on the moon."

The founding director of Mission Control in Houston, Chris Kraft, also called on the U.S. administration to revive the country's enthusiasm for space.

"What we need is new technology; we have not had that since Apollo," Kraft said at the Smithsonian lecture. "I say to Mr. Obama: 'Let's get on with it. Let's invest in the future.'"