Tom Mulcair and the NDP are on the up and up. Well, if you believe the polls, that is. But unlike his main opponents, Conservative Leader Stephen Harper and Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau, his personal story is somewhat of a mystery to most Canadians.

Google Canada has released the five most-searched questions about each of the main party leaders, based on search data from the six months leading up to the election call earlier this month.

Starting today with Mulcair, CBC News is taking a deep dive to bring you all the answers. We'll look at other leaders in the coming days.

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1. Who is Tom Mulcair?

While the NDP might have surged in the polls, it seems many Canadians still aren't exactly sure who Mulcair really is. If you live outside Quebec — or haven't followed question period for the past two years — you might be forgiven for not knowing much about him. The first most Googled question about Mulcair is, "Who is Tom Mulcair?"

Well, to start, he was first elected to Quebec's National Assembly as a Liberal in 1994, and later served for three years in the cabinet of former premier Jean Charest, before leaving cabinet and provincial politics in a dispute over development in a provincial park. He made the leap to federal politics and to the surprise of some, chose Jack Layton's NDP party, winning a 2007 byelection.

Mulcair was a key architect of the Orange Wave that washed over Quebec in the last federal election and upended Canadian politics, sending 59 New Democrat MPs to Ottawa and breaking the stranglehold the sovereigntist Bloc Québécois had held on Quebec for the better part of two decades.

Thomas Mulcair and his wife Catherine Pinhas

NDP Leader Tom Mulcair and his wife Catherine Pinhas celebrate Halloween with family at their official residence in Ottawa on Oct. 31, 2014. (Fred Chartrand / Canadian Press)

After Layton's untimely death, Mulcair clinched the title of leader of the Opposition after beating nine other candidates for the job.

As for his family life, Mulcair is married to psychologist Catherine Pinhas and they have two sons.

NDP Leader Jack Layton relied on Tom Mulcair to help build Orange Wave

Jack Layton and Thomas Mulcair worked together to lay the groundwork for an NDP breakthrough in Quebec. Fifty-nine New Democrats were elected in the 2011 election in Quebec. (Andrew Vaughan/Canadian Press)

If elected, he would be the first Canadian prime minister with dual citizenship (he has a French passport) since former Liberal prime minister John Turner — but has promised to renounce his French citizenship in that event. He faced criticism — and accusations of divided loyalties — in the past, but has defended his French citizenship, pointing out that many Canadians are dual citizens.

Oh, and sticking with the other side of the Atlantic, he once offered praise for the late Conservative British prime minister Margaret Thatcher and the Iron Lady's stewardship of the British economy.

2. Why is Harper not attacking Mulcair?

The second-most Googled question is, "Why is Harper not attacking Mulcair?"

It's no secret the Conservatives have made Trudeau and the Liberal Party target No. 1. Only days after Trudeau was elected leader of the party, the Tories bought national air time for a series of attack ads that branded Trudeau "in over his head," paired with images of him engaged in a mock striptease at a charity event. 

But, until recently at least, Mulcair has been left relatively unscathed. The most the Conservatives have been able to muster is branding the NDP leader as a "career politician," without mentioning that, in fact, their leader is somewhat of a lifelong politician himself.

(Harper first ran for the House of Commons — under the name "Steve" Harper — in 1988, losing to a Progressive Conservative. He won in a rematch in 1993, sat out the 1997 and 2000 elections, and returned to the House of Commons in 2002.)

As to why they've avoided attacking Mulcair — a divided left-of-centre vote could split the vote in the Conservatives' favour. So a buoyant Mulcair could help the Tories, unless, of course, it looks like the NDP might actually win the election

3. Is Tom Mulcair proposing to scrap Bill C-51?

"Is Tom Mulcair proposing to scrap Bill C-51?" the anti-terror bill, is the third-most asked Google question?

Yes. The NDP went out on a limb back in February this year — when polls showed support for anti-terror legislation topping 82 per cent — and announced that his party would vote against the government's anti-terror legislation.

Public support for the bill — which gives sweeping new powers to CSIS and ramps up information sharing between government departments — began to drop and the NDP's poll numbers began to move up in lockstep. 

Mulcair says Canada can protect safety and rights1:06

Trudeau and the Liberal Party have been dogged by criticism for supporting the legislation. Trudeau indicated in March that his position on Bill C-51 was meant to counter potential Tory claims about his stance on terrorism.

Trudeau has said he would amend parts of the law should the Liberals win power, saying only the Liberal Party would strike the right balance between keeping Canadians secure and protecting their rights and freedoms. 

4. Is Mulcair a French name?

According to Google, the fourth most-searched question about the NDP leader is, "Is Mulcair a French name?"

Mulcair and his siblings gather to celebrate parents' twenty-fifth anniversary

Tom Mulcair is in the back row, on the far left with a beard. He is joined by his siblings to celebrate the 25th wedding anniversary of his parents in Saint-Saveur, Que., on July 26, 1977. (Published in Tom Mulcair's book "Strength of Conviction" )

No, it's not. It's a name of Gaelic origin. Mulcair was born in a bilingual and bicultural household, after all.

His father, Harry, was an insurance man of Irish descent, and his mother, Jeanne Hurtubise, a teacher, was of French-Canadian heritage. Mulcair hails from a large family — he is the second oldest of 10 (yes, 10!) kids. 

5. What is Mulcair's religion?

"What is Thomas Mulcair's religion?" Google says that's the fifth most-searched question about Mulcair.

The NDP leader was raised Roman Catholic. In his recent autobiography, Strength of Conviction, he writes about growing up Catholic in Quebec in the 1960s. "We used to say the rosary together as a family before going to bed at night."

He also reveals his deep admiration for one priest at his local high school, Father Cox.

"His homilies were calls to action. Father Cox challenged us. He inspired us. Sometimes, he drove us nuts." 

But it seems Mulcair, and his pious parents, like many other Quebecers of the era, had a falling out. Mass, which was once a daily commitment, became an optional affair, Mulcair writes.

Corrections

  • This story has been updated from a previous version that incorrectly stated that, if elected, Tom Mulcair would be the first Canadian prime minister with dual citizenship. In fact, former Liberal prime minister John Turner was born in England and was a dual citizen. Mulcair has promised to drop his French dual citizenship if elected prime minister.
    Aug 30, 2015 10:18 AM ET