Four Canadian financial institutions invested $565 million in the companies that manufacture cluster bombs, a weapon that is banned under a UN treaty that Canada has ratified, says a report released Thursday.
The report was released in Ottawa by the Dutch peace group PAX, part of the international coalition against the indiscriminate weapons that have been widely linked to the deaths of civilians.
The companies are among 158 worldwide that invested $28 billion in companies connected to the weapons between June 2012 and April 2016, the report said.
Paul Hannon, executive director of Mines Action Canada, is calling on the Trudeau government to issue guidelines that would ban such investments by Canadian institutions.
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Canada has ratified the Convention on Cluster Munitions, and while it doesn't explicitly ban the investments, Hannon said they can be viewed as "a form of assistance" in the use of the weapon.
"These are inhuman and indiscriminate weapons and no financial institution should be investing in them," said Hannon.
"Whether it's because they don't realize that they're doing this, whether it's because they're such huge corporations, and one arm doesn't realize what the other arm is doing, that's fine. But they now need to understand."
The report names the Royal Bank of Canada, Manulife Financial, Sun Life Financial and CI Financial; CI says it no longer holds any shares in the U.S. company that is cited in the report.
The report says Royal Bank invested $132 million and Manulife $48 million in the U.S. firm Textron, a leading manufacturer of cluster bombs that have been linked to recent attacks in the ongoing conflict in Yemen.
$12 billion in investments by 49 global firms
In a statement, RBC said it takes pains to vet those operations to which it lends money, and is taking steps to broaden its policies.
"RBC is a responsible lender and practices a high level of due diligence prior to lending funds," the bank said.
"Our policy prohibits directly financing equipment or material for cluster munitions. We are currently working towards extending this policy beyond lending."
Neither Manulife nor Sun Life responded to a request for comment.
The rights watchdogs, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, have documented the use of Textron-made cluster bombs in attacks that have injured or killed Yemen civilians, including children, by the Saudi Arabian-led coalition that is fighting Shiite Houthi rebels.
Last month, Amnesty reported 16 civilian casualties, including nine children after a Saudi cluster bomb attack. In February, Human Rights Watch also reported numerous civilian casualties in cluster bomb attacks in Yemen.
Suzanne Oosterwijk, the report's author, singled out Textron, noting that the report documents $12 billion worth of investment in the company by 49 global firms during the four-year time frame.
She said that "really underlines the urgency of our call here today for financial institutions to stop these types of investments."
The vast majority of the firms named in report — 138 out of 158 — are from countries that have not joined the cluster bomb convention, including the United States, China and South Korea.
Oosterwijk said Royal Bank has taken positive steps to ban investments in cluster munitions, "but their policy contains loopholes."