Elizabeth: The Queen Mother
CBC News Online
1900 August 4
Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowles-Lyon
Elizabeth Angela-Marguerite Bowes-Lyon Lady Elizabeth is born, daughter of Lord Glamis, later 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. The Bowes-Lyon family is descended from the Royal House of Scotland, with roots going back to the 12th century Glamis Castle, home of Macbeth.
Educated at home, by the age of 10 Lady Elizabeth is fluent in French.
The First World War begins on Lady Elizabeth's 14th birthday. Glamis Castle becomes a hospital. She helps with welfare work for the patients.
Her brother, Fergus, is killed at the Battle of Loos.
Lady Elizabeth is a bridesmaid at the wedding of Princess Mary, daughter of King George V and Queen Mary.
1923 April 26
Lady Elizabeth marries HRH The Duke of York, the King and Queen's second son, in Westminster Abbey.
Prince Albert (later King George VI) and Elizabeth
Six months after the wedding, Lady Elizabeth and her husband, now the Duke and Duchess, visit Belgrade where they stood sponsor at the christening of the future King Peter II of Yugoslavia.
1926 April 21
Her first child, Princess Elizabeth, is born in London.
The couple embark on a six-month world tour.
1930 August 21
Her second child, Princess Margaret, is born at Glamis Castle.
King George V dies.
1936 December 11
King Edward VIII abdicates to marry Wallis Simpson, a divorced American. The Duke and Duchess assume the responsibilities of the throne.
1937 May 12
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth
The coronation of the Duke and Duchess as King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.
1939 May and June
The royal couple visit Canada, the first time a reigning monarch visits Canada.
Soon after their return from the Canadian tour, the Second World War begins. The Queen and her daughters decline safe haven in North America, choosing to remain in England.
The King and Queen remain in London during the Second World War
She is in Buckingham Palace when it is bombed.
The King and Queen celebrate their 25th wedding anniversary.
1952 February 6
King George VI dies at Sandringham.
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother moves out of Buckingham Palace to Clarence House in St. James. She continues her public duties at home and abroad, making more than 40 official visits abroad, which includes a visit to Canada in 1989.
The Queen Mother's horse, "Devon Loch," collapses just before the finish line in the Grand National. The jockey was Dick Francis, who became a best-selling mystery writer. A devoted horse-racing fan, she owns a string of thoroughbreds, with more than 400 winners.
She is appointed Lord Warden and Admiral of the Cinque Ports and Constable of Dover Castle.
1981 July 29
The Queen Mother with Prince Charles
Lady Diana Spencer, granddaughter of the Queen Mother's friend Lady Fermoy, marries Prince Charles. The couple left for St. Paul's Cathedral from the Queen Mother's home at Clarence House.
1990 August 4
The Queen Mother celebrates her 90th birthday. In her 90th year she undertakes 118 engagements throughout Britain.
The Royals' annus horribulus as grandchildren Charles and Andrew separate from their wives Diana and Sarah. They divorced four years later.
1995 May 2
The Queen Mother opens the 50th anniversary VE (Victory in Europe) celebrations. She appears on the balcony of Buckingham Palace with her daughters, recreating the celebrations of May 2, 1945.
2000 August 4
The Queen Mother turns 100, waves to adoring fans around the world. The celebration began two weeks before her birthday.
2000 October 31:
The Queen Mum receives the Companion of the Order of Canada, Canada's highest honour. Governor General Adrienne Clarkson presents her with the medal at Clarence House.
2002 March 30:
The Queen Mother dies peacefully while asleep at home at the Royal Lodge.