Ontario is considering more changes to the collection and display of gender information on government documents, not long after announcing gender-neutral driver's licences and health cards.
Public consultations launched earlier this month look at how gender information is treated on government forms and identification documents, including birth and marriage certificates.
A preamble to an online survey says "people with transgender and non-binary gender identity may face barriers and other negative outcomes when trying to access services," so the government wants to ensure its policies are inclusive.
Ontario has already announced that starting in early 2017, drivers will be able to select an X instead of an M for male or F for female on their licences. People can also now obtain health cards without gender information displayed on the front of the card.
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"There's more work to be done on this, so we're reaching out to Ontarians to make sure we develop good policy that the government can use to make appropriate decisions about when and how to collect, retain, use and display information about a person's sex and gender," Christine Burke, a spokeswoman for the government and consumer services minister, said in a statement.
'I was born again, so to speak, 20 years ago'
Trans advocate Susan Gapka would prefer not to see gender and sex displayed on birth certificates at all. But the type of changes the government is contemplating are relatively easy and low-cost to achieve, and mean so much to the community, she said.
"I was born again, so to speak, 20 years ago," Gapka said. "Now I have to renew my health card and having the correct or the accurate way that I feel best describes me, as female, is really, really important to me. In fact, I had to change laws. We had to change laws and change society's opinions so I could have that."
The consultation survey says the government is proposing to collect gender information as the default and sex information only if needed.
'If you don't have documents that say who you are, that can be really isolating.' - Susan Gapka, trans advocate
For example, sex is necessary for the Ontario Health Insurance Program, it says. Greater use of X as a gender identifier is also possible on other identification, such as photo ID cards for people who do not have driver's licences. And, the consultation document says, the government wants to see a consistent process for people who identify as trans or non-binary — who don't identify exclusively as male or female.
"We also want to propose a policy where, once you change your sex information on your Ontario birth registration, you can use your birth certificate to change your sex information for any other government ID or service," it says.
The survey asks participants what they think are good reasons for collecting and displaying sex and gender information on government ID, such as identification, law enforcement and fraud prevention, statistical evidence, health care and personal safety — for example to help someone access services at a shelter.
"If you don't have documents that say who you are, that can be really isolating," Gapka said. "It can give you a feeling that you're not as good as everyone else and you're not as valued as everyone else, [that] people don't believe you."
The consultation closes on Sept. 16.