Ontario's legislature will start the new year after a brief post-election sitting marked by little more than partisan bickering and finger-pointing.
For example, no legislative committees will be working until at least late February because the parties could not agree on how they should function under a minority government.
The failure to set up committees came as the legislature wrapped a three-week session with only one bill passed: the Liberal government's throne speech.
"It was a lame duck session when it comes to addressing the jobs crisis and the debt crisis," Progressive Conservative Leader Tim Hudak said.
'If Dalton McGuinty is out of ideas, he can bring in mine.' —Tim Hudak, Conservative Leader
"Now we learn we're going to have a lame duck January and February as well because there are no committees."
The Tories wanted committees to examine issues that could embarrass the Liberals such as the years-old eHealth scandal and the recent auditor general's report that criticized the government's green energy policies.
NDP house leader Gilles Bisson said the arcane process of "populating" committees was the first test of how the minority Liberals were willing to work with the other parties, and "speaks volumes" about their refusal to co-operate.
"The government is trying to say the right things in the media, but when it comes to their actions they have not been forthcoming when it comes to really co-operating," Bisson said.
The parties did agree on the makeup of the committees: four Liberals, three Tories and two New Democrats, reflecting the Liberals' minority status by giving the opposition a combined majority.
However, the Liberals wanted opposition members to chair five committees.
Because the chair only votes in a tie — and always with the government — the panels would not have been able to amend any Liberal bills.
The Liberals accused the Tories and NDP of wanting to change the rules.
During the session, the Liberals did introduce legislation to give seniors a tax credit for renovations that help them stay in their homes longer, a bill to impose tougher penalties on school bullies, and one on family caregiver leave.
None passed into law.
Liberals play opposition off each other
The Liberals played the opposition parties off each other, banking on NDP support after the Tories pledged to vote against the throne speech, which could have triggered another election.
The Tories behaved as if they were still fighting the Oct. 6 election, refusing to support any Liberal initiatives.
"If Dalton McGuinty is out of ideas he can bring in mine," Hudak said.
New Democrat Leader Andrea Horwath talked about trying to make the minority parliament work, and staying out of the Tory grandstanding.
Still, she said she was disappointed at the Liberals' lack of co-operation.
"People don't want us to play games here; they want us to roll up our sleeves and get to work," Horwath said.
For his part, McGuinty said the Liberals are willing to work with the other parties.
He pointed to the new anti-bullying legislation which incorporated part of a similar bill put forward by Conservative Elizabeth Witmer.
"While we necessarily have our partisan differences here in the legislature, there is a general expectation on the part of Ontarians that we will find common ground."
Tories and NDP likely to switch roles
The roles of the opposition parties may reverse in the new year, with the Tories more likely to support Liberal initiatives to cut government spending and services as they tackle a $16-billion deficit.
The government has been waiting for a report on government services by economist Don Drummond, but Hudak said the Liberals already seem to be shying away from taking tough action.
The New Democrats likely won't support cutting government services, but the Liberals know the Conservatives will back almost any such initiative.
The NDP wants the Liberals to scrap corporate tax cuts to save money and to fund a reduction in the HST from home heating bills.