A Brampton man has died in hospital after falling off a moving car that was being driven by a young driver — a friend of the victim — who is now facing charges.

Peel Regional Police say the incident happened at 2 p.m. Tuesday, when a silver 1998 Honda Civic was driving in a parking lot in the Father Tobin Road and Bramalea Road area.

The parking lot is next door to a high school, though the school board says the victim was not a student.

The injured 19-year-old was first taken to a local hospital, but was subsequently transferred to a Toronto trauma centre in critical condition. He died Wednesday night, Peel police said.

"He wasn't coerced into doing it, it was done out of his own free will," said Peel Regional Police Const. George Tudos.

CBC News was told by police that when emergency officials arrived at the scene on Tuesday, they were not immediately informed that a car was involved.

It wasn’t until they saw the extent of the injuries that the driver admitted what happened. It isn't clear how fast the car was moving when the 19-year-old fell off.

"So as soon as that information was given to us … we secured the scene, our major collisions bureau attended and did a full investigation," Tudos said.

Police say the Civic was being driven by a 16-year-old male who is currently facing charges of criminal negligence causing bodily harm and dangerous driving causing bodily harm. Those charges could be upgraded following the older male's death.

Investigators want to hear from witnesses who saw the incident unfold, or the moments beforehand. Anyone with information is asked to call police at 905-453-2121, ext. 3710, or to contact Peel Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-8477.

Tudos said that police are reminding the public that such incidents are both unsafe and illegal.

Dangerous incidents

While police are not describing it as car surfing, the incident in Brampton is one of several to take place in Canada recently in which individuals were injured or killed while riding on vehicles.

In August, a 49-year-old B.C. man died after an alleged car surfing incident, in which the victim was seen riding on the hood of a vehicle after leaving a party and ended up being thrown onto the road when it later came to a stop. A 46-year-old woman was subsequently charged with criminal negligence causing death and impaired driving causing death.

That same a month, a 16-year-old girl suffered serious injuries in a car surfing incident in Corner Brook, N.L., which led to charges against another girl of the same age.

A Quebec father was fined for allowing his daughters to ride on the hood of a car he was driving in July.

In June, a 26-year-old Quebec City man was critically injured after falling off a moving vehicle.

With a report from the CBC's Steven D'Souza