Ontario's major turtle trauma centre is declaring a state of emergency after taking in nearly 600 injured turtles this year.

The hospital at the Ontario Turtle Conservation Centre is bursting with the number of turtles it's trying to rehabilitate.

Turtle surgeon Sue Carstairs spends most of her days operating on dozens of turtle shells that have been crushed by cars.

"We are beyond maximum caring capacity ... we've never seen it this busy," said the veterinarian and executive director of the centre, based in the Kawartha area in central Ontario.

"We've had double the number of admissions. We're not sure why."

It could be because the rainy weather across Ontario is ideal for the cold-blooded creatures, according to Carstairs.

"This year we're seeing the turtles on the move more than last year," she said, adding that the centre will continue to keep taking in turtles despite the influx.

turtle surgery

Sue Carstairs performs surgery on a snapping turtle at the Kawartha Turtle Trauma Centre. The trauma centre is struggling to keep up with the high number of injured turtles it's receiving. (Ontario Turtle Conservation Centre)

Most turtles get run over by cars

In addition to habitat destruction, Carstairs said vehicles are a top threat to the province's turtles.

"Most of the ones that come into our hospital are injured on the road," Carstairs said.

"Most have very severe fractures of their shell. There is a lot of head trauma too, especially in species like snapping turtles that can't hide in their shell."

Turtle surgery

A Blanding's turtle before and after a repair to its shell. Broken shells are the most typical injury the centre treats, and usually heals well after eight weeks. Turtle surgeons use everything from endoscopes and dental drills to super glue and cable ties to repair shells. (Ontario Turtle Conservation Centre)

Every adult turtle vital to population

The high number of turtle injuries is concerning for Carstairs, since seven of Ontario's eight species of turtles are considered species at risk.

"Every adult is vital," she said.

"They take up to 20 years to reach maturity. So they need to live a long, long time to even have a chance of replacing themselves in the population."

Blandings turtle

The Blanding's turtle is one of seven of Ontario's turtles that is considered a species at risk. The turtle can live in the wild for more than 75 years. (Stewart Stick/Ontario Turtle Conservation Centre)

Highway shoulders perfect for turtle nurseries

New road developments may also be contributing to turtle injuries, according to Amy Henson, a biologist with Science North in Sudbury, Ont.

"Right now is the time of year we're going to see a lot of turtles. They're out there laying eggs," she said.

"Coincidentally, highway shoulders are one of the best place for turtles to lay their eggs, because they're soft, gravelly, and very warm."

Henson said turtles have been around for millions of years, which means they aren't going to quickly adapt to new roadways.

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry has set up turtle underpasses in new road developments, including Highway 69, south of Sudbury.

Henson said it's likely there aren't more turtles being injured, but that more people are helping them.

"The conservation centres are getting a lot of turtles because people care about them so much. And I think that's a real win on conservation behalf," she said.

Henson

Science North scientist Amy Henson poses with Will the blandings turtle. His species is one of seven Ontario turtles that are currently at risk in the province. (Marina von Stackelberg/CBC)

Move turtle, then take selfie

If it's safe to do so, you can "absolutely" help a turtle cross the road, Henson said.

"Just make sure you're pointing him in the same direction as when he started, and take him off the road two metres."

Henson added that people should move the turtle quickly, rather than picking it up and posing for a photo op.

"That can confuse the turtle and get him all turned around," she said.

If you find an injured turtle, you can contact the Turtle Trauma Centre.

Snapping turtle

Snapping turtles take 15-20 years to reach maturity, which means the death of one adult can greatly affect the species' survival. (Ontario Turtle Conservation Centre)

Listen to our interview with Science North biologist Amy Hensen here.