Irvin Waller, a University of Ottawa criminologist and author of Rights for Victims of Crime: Rebalancing Justice, joined the CBC's Garth Materie, host of Blue Sky, with his take on what should happen in the wake of the killing of six-year-old Lee Bonneau.
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This comes after police said Tuesday that they believe Bonneau was killed by a boy under the age of 12, making him too young to be charged under the Criminal Code or to be dealt with according to provisions of the Youth Criminal Justice Act.
Child psychiatrist has hope for young suspect
Shimi Kang, a psychiatrist and author in Vancouver, said "there's hope" for the boy believed to be responsible for the death of Lee Bonneau.
Kang joined Blue Sky to explain what happens to children taken into care after being involved in violent acts.
She thinks that it will take a multidisciplinary approach to rehabilitate the offender because there could be many external and internal factors.
Statistics show drop in reports of crimes by children
Meanwhile, statistics show that criminal acts involving children under 12 have been declining over the past four years.
According to Statistics Canada, in 2012 there were 766 property crimes reported in Saskatchewan where the suspect was under 12. That is a drop of 300 cases reported in 2008.
Reports of violent crimes in that age group have also gone done. In 2012 there were 240 incidents reported.
Saskatchewan's social services minister has asked the province's Children's Advocate to review the case. An internal review has also been launched at the ministry.
Bonneau died in hospital from head injuries that police say were consistent with an assault. RCMP said a weapon of opportunity was used but it may never be clear what exactly happened.
The dead boy was in a foster home near the Kahkewistahaw reserve in southeastern Saskatchewan, but he was not a member of the First Nation.
Police say the young suspect was known to them before the killing, but the two children did not know each other.
At the time of the killing a family services agency was involved in the care of the suspect, but he was living with his parents on the reserve.